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Brownfruit Rush

Juncus abortivus Chapman

Comments

provided by eFloras
Populations from Virginia and south have been separated as Juncus pelocarpus var. crassicaudex (J. abortivus) based on their taller culms and thicker rhizomes. The evidence used to support the varietal status for the southeastern plants (N. A. Murray and D. M. Johnson 1987) clearly demonstrates that these plants are the southern end of a cline.

The flowers are often replaced by bulbils.

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cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of North America Vol. 22: 245 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
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Flora of North America @ eFloras.org
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Flora of North America Editorial Committee
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eFloras.org
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Description

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Herbs, perennial, rhizomatous, 0.3--7 dm. Rhizomes 1--3 mm diam., nodes not swollen. Culms erect, terete, 1--2 mm diam., smooth. Cataphylls 0 (rarely 1, straw-colored, apex obtuse). Leaves: basal 0--2, cauline 1--4, small fascicles of short capillary leaves often on rhizomes and stems; auricles 0.3--1 mm, apex rounded, membranaceous; blade terete, 1.5--11 cm x 0.8--1.1 mm. Inflorescences terminal cymes, flowers single or paired at nodes, (rarely in 3s), 2--25 cm, branches spreading to erect; primary bract erect. Flowers: tepals straw-colored, oblong; outer tepals 1.6--2.3 mm, apex obtuse; inner tepals 1.8--2.8 mm, apex obtuse; stamens 6, anthers 2--3 times filament length. Capsules included to exserted, chestnut brown, 1-locular, narrowly ovoid, 1.5--3.5 mm, apex acute proximal to beak, valves separating at dehiscence, fertile only proximal to middle. Seeds ovoid, 0.3--0.5 mm, not tailed; body clear yellow-brown. 2n = 40.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of North America Vol. 22: 245 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of North America @ eFloras.org
editor
Flora of North America Editorial Committee
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras

Distribution

provided by eFloras
B.C., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que.; Ala., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ind., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Vt., Va., Wis.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of North America Vol. 22: 245 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of North America @ eFloras.org
editor
Flora of North America Editorial Committee
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras

Flowering/Fruiting

provided by eFloras
Fruiting late summer--fall.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of North America Vol. 22: 245 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of North America @ eFloras.org
editor
Flora of North America Editorial Committee
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras

Habitat

provided by eFloras
Shores, peat bogs, sandy soils, pools, occasionally submersed in lakes, rarely in salt water; 0--600m.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of North America Vol. 22: 245 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of North America @ eFloras.org
editor
Flora of North America Editorial Committee
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras

Synonym

provided by eFloras
Juncus abortivus Chapman; J. pelocarpus var. crassicaudex crassicaudex Engelmann; J. pelocarpus var. sabulonensis H. St. John
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of North America Vol. 22: 245 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of North America @ eFloras.org
editor
Flora of North America Editorial Committee
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras