Porphyrio porphyrio (Purple swamphen) is a species of birds in the family rails. It is associated with freshwater habitat. It is native to Lebanon, Botswana, Papua New Guinea, Thailand, Mauritania, Samoa, Fiji, Kazakhstan, Italy, France, Poland, Spain, Australia, Hong Kong, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe, Algeria, the Central African Republic, Mauritius, Tanzania, Liberia, Saint Helena, Iran, Singapore, Nepal, Somalia, Uganda, Zambia, Lesotho, American Samoa, Malawi, Norway, Egypt, Vietnam, Laos, Azerbaijan, Hungary, South Africa, Morocco, Namibia, Austria, Turkmenistan, Jordan, Czech Republic, Iraq, Myanmar, Vanuatu, East Timor, Tonga, Belgium, China, United Arab Emirates, Croatia, Niger, Burkina Faso, Sudan, Germany, Palau, Angola, Sri Lanka, Senegal, Madagascar, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nigeria, Rwanda, Bhutan, Malaysia, Solomon Islands, Kenya, Syria, Bangladesh, Côte d’Ivoire, New Caledonia, Kuwait, Niue, Russia, Cambodia, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Philippines, Cameroon, India, Mali, Pakistan, Portugal, Togo, Israel, Turkey, Afghanistan, Chad, Burundi, Ghana, Cyprus, New Zealand, The Gambia, Swaziland, Greece, Tunisia, Indonesia, Oman, and Sierra Leone. It is a crepuscular herbivore. Individuals can grow to 1050 g. Reproduction is dioecious. Porphyrio porphyrio (Purple swamphen) has parental care (cooperative breeding).
EOL has data for 26 attributes, including: