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Chaunax penicillatus Mc Culloch 1915

Diagnostic Description

provided by Fishbase
This species is characterized by the following: D III,11-12 (modally 12); A 6-7 (7); pectoral-fin rays 11-13; presence of a black and very deep illicial trough; extremely short illicium and esca with numerous stout black (anterior face) and white (posterior face) cirri; gill rakers: GRi = 13-14 (3-4+9-10); GRii = 8-10; GRiii = 8-11; GRiv = 7-8; lateral-line counts: AB = 10-12 (mainly 11); BB' = 4-5 (5); BD = 2-3 (2); CD = 6-7; EF = 3-5 (4); FG = 3-4 (3); GH = 10-13 (11-12); BI = 35-40 (36-38) (Ref. 93086).
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Recorder
Cristina V. Garilao
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Morphology

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Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11 - 12; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 6 - 7
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Cristina V. Garilao
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Biology

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A benthic species (Ref. 75154) found on the continental slopes (Ref. 7300, 75154).
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Rainer Froese
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Importance

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fisheries: of no interest
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Rainer Froese
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分布

provided by The Fish Database of Taiwan
廣泛分布於印度-西太平洋區海域。臺灣記錄於東北部及南部。
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臺灣魚類資料庫
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臺灣魚類資料庫

利用

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肉質佳,可食用,但不具漁業經濟規模。
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描述

provided by The Fish Database of Taiwan
身體短且胖,頭部與身體形成一箱型體盤。頭部隆起,腹部扁平。具三背鰭棘,第一背鰭棘特化為吻觸手,吻觸手相當短。吻觸手凹槽深。第二及第三背鰭棘隱於皮下,需經解剖方可見。胸鰭位於身體中央下方,腹鰭腹位,位於體盤下方。鰓孔開口圓形,位於胸鰭基部。尾鰭截形。體色底色為成紅色,具有許多不規則黃色條紋或斑塊,小型個體背部偶具有數個大型灰黑色斑塊。吻觸手凹槽表面全黑。餌球前半部細絲為亮白色,後半部黑色。過去日本所紀錄之/Chaunax tosaensis/為本種之次同物異名(Caruso, 1999)。(何宣慶 2012/12)
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棲地

provided by The Fish Database of Taiwan
屬深海底棲性物種,通常棲息在泥砂地區。肉食性,利用吻觸手及餌球引誘獵物,並瞬間張開口部,產生負壓,將獵物吸入。母魚通常產下筏狀卵塊,內具有相當多的卵粒。
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Description

provided by World Register of Marine Species
On continental slopes.
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WoRMS Editorial Board
bibliographic citation
Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2021). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. version (02/2021).
contributor
Edward Vanden Berghe [email]