dcsimg

Diagnostic Description

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Gill rakers usually 33 or less on the first arch and usually 26 or less on the second arch. Relatively shorter upper and lower jaw, especially at larger sizes.
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Recorder
Crispina B. Binohlan
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Life Cycle

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Viviparous (Ref. 205).
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Recorder
Susan M. Luna
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Morphology

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Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15 - 18; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 17 - 20; Vertebrae: 55 - 61
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Recorder
Crispina B. Binohlan
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Trophic Strategy

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Found in inshore waters (Ref. 75154).
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Recorder
Susan M. Luna
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Biology

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Found inshore in surface waters of estuaries, bays, inlets and gulfs to a depth of about 20 m (Ref. 9563). In the South Australian gulfs, southern sea garfish may be found in deeper waters during the colder months (Ref. 27008). Generally herbivorous, seagrasses and algal filaments comprise about 75% of their food (Refs. 26551, 27013). Form schools, generally found near the surface at night and close to the bottom over seagrass beds during the day (Ref. 6390). Post-larvae or young fish less than 1-year-old live in estuaries from March to July then move to inshore marine waters, remaining there for up to 2 years (Ref. 27012).
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Recorder
Crispina B. Binohlan
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Importance

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fisheries: commercial; bait: usually
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Recorder
Crispina B. Binohlan
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