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Diagnostic Description

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Gill rakers usually 33 or less on the first arch and usually 26 or less on the second arch. Relatively shorter upper and lower jaw, especially at larger sizes.
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Recorder
Crispina B. Binohlan
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Life Cycle

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Viviparous (Ref. 205).
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Recorder
Susan M. Luna
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Morphology

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Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15 - 18; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 17 - 20; Vertebrae: 55 - 61
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Crispina B. Binohlan
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Trophic Strategy

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Found in inshore waters (Ref. 75154).
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Biology

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Found inshore in surface waters of estuaries, bays, inlets and gulfs to a depth of about 20 m (Ref. 9563). In the South Australian gulfs, southern sea garfish may be found in deeper waters during the colder months (Ref. 27008). Generally herbivorous, seagrasses and algal filaments comprise about 75% of their food (Refs. 26551, 27013). Form schools, generally found near the surface at night and close to the bottom over seagrass beds during the day (Ref. 6390). Post-larvae or young fish less than 1-year-old live in estuaries from March to July then move to inshore marine waters, remaining there for up to 2 years (Ref. 27012).
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Crispina B. Binohlan
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Importance

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fisheries: commercial; bait: usually
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Hyporhamphus melanochir

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Hyporhamphus melanochir, or Southern garfish or (in Australia) garfish, is a halfbeak garfish from the family Hemiramphidae.[2] It is found in southern Australian and New Zealand waters.[3] It is a very popular fish for recreational fishing and eating in Australia, where it is referred to simply as 'garfish' or 'gar'.

References

  1. ^ Hyporhamphus melanochir - The Taxonomicon
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer; Pauly, Daniel (eds.) (2021). "Hyporhamphus melanochir" in FishBase. 2 2021 version.
  3. ^ "Hyporhamphus melanochir". Atlas of Living Australia. Retrieved February 24, 2021.
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Hyporhamphus melanochir: Brief Summary

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Hyporhamphus melanochir, or Southern garfish or (in Australia) garfish, is a halfbeak garfish from the family Hemiramphidae. It is found in southern Australian and New Zealand waters. It is a very popular fish for recreational fishing and eating in Australia, where it is referred to simply as 'garfish' or 'gar'.

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Hyporhamphus melanochir ( Basque )

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Hyporhamphus melanochir Hyporhamphus generoko animalia da. Arrainen barruko Hemiramphidae familian sailkatzen da.

Banaketa

Erreferentziak

  1. Froese, Rainer & Pauly, Daniel ed. (2006), Hyporhamphus melanochir FishBase webgunean. 2006ko apirilaren bertsioa.

Ikus, gainera

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Hyporhamphus melanochir: Brief Summary ( Basque )

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Hyporhamphus melanochir Hyporhamphus generoko animalia da. Arrainen barruko Hemiramphidae familian sailkatzen da.

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Hyporhamphus melanochir ( Dutch; Flemish )

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Vissen

Hyporhamphus melanochir is een straalvinnige vissensoort uit de familie van halfsnavelbekken (Hemiramphidae).[1] De wetenschappelijke naam van de soort is voor het eerst geldig gepubliceerd in 1847 door Valenciennes.

Bronnen, noten en/of referenties
  1. (en) Hyporhamphus melanochir. FishBase. Ed. Ranier Froese and Daniel Pauly. 10 2011 version. N.p.: FishBase, 2011.
Geplaatst op:
22-10-2011
Dit artikel is een beginnetje over biologie. U wordt uitgenodigd om op bewerken te klikken om uw kennis aan dit artikel toe te voegen. Beginnetje
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