dcsimg
Image of Blackspotted wrasse
Life » » Animals » » Vertebrates » » Ray Finned Fishes » » Wrasses And Parrotfishes »

Blackspotted Wrasse

Macropharyngodon meleagris (Valenciennes 1839)

Diagnostic Description

provided by Fishbase
Color in life of young and females whitish to greenish with irregular black spots; males orange-red with greenish yellow spots (edged in blue and black, per scale); head spotted and banded. Anterior lateral line scales with 2-4 pores. Pelvic fins short, not reaching anus.
license
cc-by-nc
copyright
FishBase
Recorder
Estelita Emily Capuli
original
visit source
partner site
Fishbase

Life Cycle

provided by Fishbase
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
license
cc-by-nc
copyright
FishBase
Recorder
Susan M. Luna
original
visit source
partner site
Fishbase

Morphology

provided by Fishbase
Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 11; Vertebrae: 25
license
cc-by-nc
copyright
FishBase
Recorder
Estelita Emily Capuli
original
visit source
partner site
Fishbase

Trophic Strategy

provided by Fishbase
Occurs inshore (Ref. 75154). Feeds on detritus, benthic and planktonic invertebrates (Ref. 6110).
license
cc-by-nc
copyright
FishBase
Recorder
Pascualita Sa-a
original
visit source
partner site
Fishbase

Biology

provided by Fishbase
Inhabits subtidal reef flats and outer lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 1602). Usually in areas with mixed sand, rubble, and coral (Ref. 9710). Feeds mainly on gastropods, other hard-shelled prey (Ref. 9823), and foraminiferans (Ref. 37816). Rarely marketed. Minimum depth reported from Ref. 27115.
license
cc-by-nc
copyright
FishBase
Recorder
Estelita Emily Capuli
original
visit source
partner site
Fishbase

Importance

provided by Fishbase
aquarium: commercial
license
cc-by-nc
copyright
FishBase
Recorder
Estelita Emily Capuli
original
visit source
partner site
Fishbase

分布

provided by The Fish Database of Taiwan
分布於印度-太平洋區,由 Cocos-Keeling 群島到大洋洲各群島,北至日本琉球,南至澳洲等。台灣除西部外,各地岩礁岩海域皆有分布。
license
cc-by-nc
copyright
臺灣魚類資料庫
author
臺灣魚類資料庫

利用

provided by The Fish Database of Taiwan
小型之隆頭魚,體色鮮豔,是較適合水族觀賞的魚類。可食用,但個體小,較無食用價值。
license
cc-by-nc
copyright
臺灣魚類資料庫
author
臺灣魚類資料庫

描述

provided by The Fish Database of Taiwan
體長形,側扁。頭高;吻尖。上下頜前方各二對犬齒,上頜外側一對向後方彎曲,上頜後方有一犬齒。前鰓蓋骨後緣平滑,僅後下方游離;鰓膜與峽部相連。鱗片中型,吻部、頰部與鰓蓋裸露。D. IX, 11;A. III, 11;P. 12;L.l. 27;胸鰭圓形;腹鰭尖形,第一棘或延長;尾鰭稍圓形。幼魚及雌魚體淺黃色,頭與體具密佈不規則黑褐斑;背鰭與臀鰭基部具斜黑褐紋,鰭緣具橙斑;腹鰭具黑褐點;尾鰭具黑褐紋。雄魚黑褐色,每一鱗片具約瞳孔大的黑藍點,頭部具黑藍而稍平行的縱紋;鰓蓋後上方一黑點;背鰭前方棘部具一黑斑;尾鰭具網紋,上下緣黑褐色。
license
cc-by-nc
copyright
臺灣魚類資料庫
author
臺灣魚類資料庫

棲地

provided by The Fish Database of Taiwan
主要棲息於水表層到深約30公尺的砂礫、岩礁岸都有它的芳蹤,尤其是亞潮帶的珊瑚礁平台、潟湖外圍及向海陡礁區等。以小蝦、軟體動物、海星,以及多毛類之蠕蟲等為食。
license
cc-by-nc
copyright
臺灣魚類資料庫
author
臺灣魚類資料庫

Macropharyngodon meleagris

provided by wikipedia EN

 src=
juvenile

Macropharyngodon meleagris, the black-spotted wrasse, Eastern leopard wrasse or reticulated wrasse,[3] is a species of ray-finned fish from the family Labridae, the wrasses. This species is native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. It lives on coral reefs at depths of from the surface to 30 metres (98 ft). This species can reach a length of 15 centimetres (5.9 in) SL. It can also be found in the aquarium trade.[2] Juveniles display different color patterns than adults with dominating light colors and eyespots blending in with soft coral habitats and potentially avoiding predation.[4]

References

  1. ^ Craig, M. & Yeeting, B. (2010). "Macropharyngodon meleagris". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2010: e.T187692A8602462. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-4.RLTS.T187692A8602462.en. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  2. ^ a b Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2019). "Macropharyngodon meleagris" in FishBase. August 2019 version.
  3. ^ Dianne J. Bray. "Macropharyngodon meleagris". Fishes of Australia. Museums Victoria. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  4. ^ Bos, Arthur R. (2016). "Soft corals provide microhabitat for camouflaged juveniles of the Blackspotted wrasse Macropharyngodon meleagris (Labridae)". Marine Biodiversity. 46 (1): 299–301. doi:10.1007/s12526-015-0332-x.

 title=
license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN

Macropharyngodon meleagris: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN
 src= juvenile

Macropharyngodon meleagris, the black-spotted wrasse, Eastern leopard wrasse or reticulated wrasse, is a species of ray-finned fish from the family Labridae, the wrasses. This species is native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. It lives on coral reefs at depths of from the surface to 30 metres (98 ft). This species can reach a length of 15 centimetres (5.9 in) SL. It can also be found in the aquarium trade. Juveniles display different color patterns than adults with dominating light colors and eyespots blending in with soft coral habitats and potentially avoiding predation.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN