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Mediterranean Sand Eel

Gymnammodytes cicerelus (Rafinesque 1810)

Diagnostic Description

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Ventrolateral skin-folds extending well beyond pectoral fins to anus. Lateral line branched. Back golden brown or greenish, belly silvery, head usually dark blue.
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Susan M. Luna
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Morphology

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Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 53 - 59; Analsoft rays: 27 - 32; Vertebrae: 64 - 68
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Susan M. Luna
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Trophic Strategy

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Restricted to a very narrow coastal fringe (Ref. 122877) but associated with a seamount, from a depth of 0 to 120 (Ref. 122887). Most abundant inshore to a depth of 15 m (Ref. 122876). Found in a lagoon (Ref. 122908). Lives in shallow sandy bottoms (Ref. 122877).
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Biology

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Found over shell-gravel and coarse sand bottoms (Ref. 6450). Minimum depth from Ref. 122877.
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Christine Papasissi
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Importance

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fisheries: commercial
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Gymnammodytes cicerelus

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Gymnammodytes cicerelus, also known as Mediterranean sand eel, sonso[3] in Catalan, and barrinaire or enfú in Menorca,[4] is a fish in the family Ammodytidae. It is the only species of this family in the Mediterranean Sea.[5] It is a species from the family Ammodytidae, the sandlances or sandeels.

It is found over sandy or gravelly substrates in the east-central Atlantic from Portugal to Senegal, including the Canary Islands and the Cape Verde Islands, and into the Mediterranean Sea and eastwards into the Black Sea.[5]

Its maximum size is 17 cm. It is highly appreciated as food in certain areas of Italy, as well as in Catalan cuisine where it is fried after being lightly coated in batter.

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Iwamoto, T.; Yokes, B.; Pollard, D.A.; et al. (2015). "Gymnammodytes cicerelus". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2015: e.T198630A15534027. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T198630A15534027.en.
  2. ^ BioLib
  3. ^ Sonso - Departament d'Agricultura, Alimentació i Acció Rural
  4. ^ Mas Ferrà, Xavier i Canyelles Ferrà, Xavier: Peixos de les Illes Balears. Editorial Moll, Palma de Mallorca, 2000. Manuals d'introducció a la naturalesa, 13. ISBN 84-273-6013-4. Planes 213-214.
  5. ^ a b Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2018). "Gymnammodytes cicerelus" in FishBase. February 2018 version.
  • Rafinesque, C. S. Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della sicilia, con varie osservazioni sopra i medisimi. 1810. (Part 1 involves fishes, pp. [i-iv] 3-69 [70 blank], Part 2 with slightly different title, pp. ia-iva + 71-105 [106 blank]). Caratteri. Pls. 1-20.

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Gymnammodytes cicerelus: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Gymnammodytes cicerelus, also known as Mediterranean sand eel, sonso in Catalan, and barrinaire or enfú in Menorca, is a fish in the family Ammodytidae. It is the only species of this family in the Mediterranean Sea. It is a species from the family Ammodytidae, the sandlances or sandeels.

It is found over sandy or gravelly substrates in the east-central Atlantic from Portugal to Senegal, including the Canary Islands and the Cape Verde Islands, and into the Mediterranean Sea and eastwards into the Black Sea.

Its maximum size is 17 cm. It is highly appreciated as food in certain areas of Italy, as well as in Catalan cuisine where it is fried after being lightly coated in batter.

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