dcsimg

Diagnostic Description

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Dorsally bluish, ventrally silver or white, with 5-8 vertically oblong or oval black spots5-8, the first 4-5 intersect the lateral line, dorsal fin lobe black outer half (Ref. 3197, 90105). Body strongly compressed, oblong and elliptical, dorsal and ventral profiles equally convex. In adults, upper jaw extends to posterior edge of pupil. Soft rays of posterior dorsal and anal fins consist of semi-detached finlets (Ref. 90102).
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Recorder
Cristina V. Garilao
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Morphology

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Dorsal spines (total): 7 - 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 19 - 21; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 18 - 20
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Cristina V. Garilao
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Trophic Strategy

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Found near the surface in coastal waters (Ref. 30573). Found in small schools. Feeds on fishes (Ref. 5213). Dorsal and anal fins may carry toxins (Ref. 12484).
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Pascualita Sa-a
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Biology

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Adults are found near the surface in coastal waters (Ref. 30573), in small schools. They feed on fishes (Ref. 5213). Dorsal and anal fins may carry toxins (Ref. 12484). Generally marketed fresh, may be dried or salted (Ref. 5284).
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Susan M. Luna
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Importance

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fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; price category: medium; price reliability: questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this genus
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分布

provided by The Fish Database of Taiwan
廣泛分布於印度-澳洲間之熱帶及亞熱帶海域。台灣各地均產,尤其西南部及南部較多,其餘海域也可發現,是常見之魚種。
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臺灣魚類資料庫
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臺灣魚類資料庫

利用

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一般漁法以流刺網、定置網、拖網及一支釣捕獲。煎食較宜。
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描述

provided by The Fish Database of Taiwan
體延長,甚側扁。背部輪廓在近眼處稍凹入。吻尖,長於眼徑。下頜突出於上頜,上頜末端延伸至眼中部瞳孔後緣之下方。脂性眼瞼不發達。上下頜、鋤骨、腭骨和舌面均具齒。頭部無鱗,體則被針形小圓鱗,多少埋於皮下。側線在胸鰭上方微彎,無稜鱗。第一背鰭具6-7硬棘,棘間無膜相連,僅有一小膜與基底相連。第二背鰭與臀鰭同形且約略等長,後半部各有8-12個半分離鰭條,但無真正離鰭亦無凹槽。體背藍黑色,腹部銀白色。頭側眼上緣具一黑色短縱帶;新鮮時,體側另具一列黑色圓斑,其4-5個在側線上,餘皆在側線上方,但死後會逐漸消失,此外幼魚期是完全沒有圓斑。
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棲地

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棲息於沿岸表層水域。主要以小魚為食。
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Scomberoides tol

provided by wikipedia EN

 src=
Slender queenfish

The needlescaled queenfish (Scomberoides tol), also known as the slender queenfish, needleskin queenfish and slender leatherskin,[3] is a tropical game fish in family Carangidae.[2]

Description

Scomberoides tol is bluish-green to bluish-grey on the dorsal part of its body becoming silvery white on the ventral part. It has 5-8 vertically oval black spots along its flanks. The anterior 4-5 overlap the lateral line. The outer half of the lobe of the dorsal fin is a black while the anterior lobe of the anal fin is white. The flank spots are faint or absent in juvenile fishes.[3] The body of this fish is strongly compressed, oblong and elliptical in shape with the dorsal and ventral profiles are similarly convex. In the adults the upper mandible reaches the rear margin of the pupil. The soft rays of posterior dorsal and anal fins are made up of semi-attached finlets.[2] They grow to a maximum recorded length of 60 centimetres (24 in).[1]

Distribution

Scomberoides tol is found in the Indo-West Pacific, its range extending from South Africa northwards to the Persian Gulf. encompassing the Red Sea and Socotra in the east. east into the western pacific as far as Tonga and the Marquesas. In the eastern part of its range it extends north to southern Japan and south as far as the Exmouth Gulf in Western Australia and Queensland in eastern Australia.[1][4]

Habitat and biology

Scomberoides tol is a coastal fish which can be found in estuaries and inshore waters,[3] often forming small schools of adults near the surface.[2] The adults are predators of other fishes while the juveniles have specialised rasping teeth and feed off the scales and skin of other fish.[1] Species in the genus Scomberoides may have venom in the spines of their dorsal and anal fins.[2]

Relationship to humans

Scomberoides tol is a target species for both commercial and recreational fisheries. It is taken using drift set nets, gill nets, seines and hook and line throughout its range. It is mainly sold fresh and it is also used as a bait species in some areas.[3]

The IGFA all tackle world record stands at 1.02 kg (2 lb 4oz) caught in the Bazaruto Archipelago of Mozambique in 2008.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Smith-Vaniz, W.F. & Williams, I. (2016). "Scomberoides tol (errata version published in 2017)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T20435185A115382256. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T20435185A46664124.en.{{cite iucn}}: error: |doi= / |page= mismatch (help)
  2. ^ a b c d e Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2019). "Scomberoides tol" in FishBase. August 2019 version.
  3. ^ a b c d Bray, D.J. (2018). "Scomberoides tol". Fishes of Australia. Museums Victoria. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  4. ^ Eschmeyer, William N.; Fricke, Ron & van der Laan, Richard (eds.). "Chorinemus tol". Catalog of Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  5. ^ "Queenfish, needlescaled". igfa.org. IGFA. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
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Scomberoides tol: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN
 src= Slender queenfish

The needlescaled queenfish (Scomberoides tol), also known as the slender queenfish, needleskin queenfish and slender leatherskin, is a tropical game fish in family Carangidae.

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Description

provided by World Register of Marine Species
Occurs at a temperature range of 26.0-29.0 °C (Ref. 4959). Often travel in small schools. Found near the surface in coastal waters. Feeds on fishes (Ref. 5213). Generally marketed fresh, may be dried or salted (Ref. 5284).
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bibliographic citation
Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2021). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. version (02/2021). Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2021). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. version (02/2021).
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Edward Vanden Berghe [email]