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Eremophila platycalyx

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Eremophila platycalyx is a flowering plant in the figwort family, Scrophulariaceae and is endemic to Western Australia. It is a shrub or small tree with its branches and leaves covered with a layer of matted hairs, although the hairs are sometimes obscured by resin. The shape of the leaves is variable, depending on subspecies, the sepals are often brightly coloured and the petals are cream-coloured, sometimes spotted on the outside. Two subspecies have been described but others have been discovered although not as yet formally described.

Description

Eremophila platycalyx is a shrub or small tree growing to a height of up to 4 m (10 ft). The branches and leaves are covered with simple hairs flattened against the surface but these are often obscured by sticky resin. The leaves are arranged alternately and are scattered along the branches, linear to lance-shaped or egg-shaped, mostly 17–70 mm (0.7–3 in) long, 2–14.5 mm (0.08–0.6 in) wide and covered with grey hairs pressed against the surface.[2][3]

The flowers are borne singly in leaf axils on a hairy stalk 4–27 mm (0.2–1 in) long. There are 5 overlapping, pink or yellow, lance-shaped to almost circular sepals which are mostly 12–20 mm (0.5–0.8 in) long. The petals are 15–40 mm (0.6–2 in) long and are joined at their lower end to form a tube. The petal tube is cream-coloured, sometimes with a bluish-green tinge, sometimes with spots on the inside or outside. The petal tube is glabrous on the outside, the petal lobes are glabrous inside and out, but the tube is filled with long, soft hairs. The 4 stamens are about the same length as the petal tube. Flowering occurs between June and September and is followed by fruits which are dry, woody, oval-shaped tapering to a point and are 5.5–8.5 mm (0.2–0.3 in) long.[2][3]

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E. platycalyx subsp. platycalyx growing south of Karalundi
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E. platycalyx subsp. pardalota (narrow sepals)
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E. platycalyx subsp. pardalota growing near Newman

Taxonomy and naming

The species was first formally described by Ferdinand von Mueller in 1866 and the description was published in Fragmenta phytographiae Australiae.[4][5] The specific epithet (platycalyx) is derived from the Ancient Greek πλατύς (platús) meaning “flat”, "broad" or "wide"[6]:474 and κάλυξ (kálux) meaning "cup", "cover" or "outer envelope of a flower”,[6]:181 referring to the broad sepals.[2]

There are as many as 10 subspecies of E. platycalyx but only two have been formally described to date:

  • Eremophila platycalyx F.Muell. subsp. platycalyx[7] which is distinguished from subspecies pardalota by having sepals that are egg-shaped to almost round and flower stalks longer than 8.5 mm (0.3 in);[2]
  • Eremophila platycalyx subsp. pardalota Chinnock[8] which is distinguished from subspecies platycalyx by having lance-shaped sepals and a flower stalk less than 6.5 mm (0.3 in);[3]

Some other subspecies have been given the provisional names Milgun,[3][9] Neds Creek,[3][10] large leaves[3][11] and small calyx.[3][12]

This species is sometimes known as granite eremophila, but that name is also used for E. granitica.[2][3]

Distribution and habitat

Subspecies platycalyx occurs in rocky places between Leonora and Shark Bay[3] in the Carnarvon, Gascoyne, Gibson Desert, Little Sandy Desert, Murchison, Pilbara and Yalgoo biogeographic regions;[13] subspecies pardalota grows in pebbly soil between Mt Augustus and Newman[3] in the Gascoyne, Little Sandy Desert and Pilbara biogeographic regions;[14] provisional subspecies Milgun occurs on a floodplain in rocky soil in the Gascoyne biogeographic region;[3][15] provisional subspecies Neds Creek is found to the east of Neds Creek homestead, provisional subspecies large leaves between Newman and Kumarina and provisional subspecies small calyx between Paynes Find and Meekatharra.[3]

Conservation

All the subspecies of E.platycalyx described to date are classified as "not threatened" by the Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.[16]

Use in horticulture

This eremophila bears masses of white to cream flowers which are attractive to nectar-feeding birds. Some forms also have colourful sepals which remain on the plant for much longer than the petals. Although slow-growing, it is long-lived and if regularly, lightly pruned from an early age, will keep its compact shape for many years. It can be propagated from cuttings or by grafting onto Myoporum rootstock and grown in a wide range of soils. It grows best in full sun, only needs an occasional watering during long droughts but can be sensitive to frost.[17]

References

  1. ^ a b "Eremophila platycalyx". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 26 August 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e Chinnock, R.J. (Bob) (2007). Eremophila and allied genera : a monograph of the plant family Myoporaceae (1st ed.). Dural, NSW: Rosenberg. pp. 334–337. ISBN 9781877058165.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Brown, Andrew; Buirchell, Bevan (2011). A field guide to the eremophilas of Western Australia (1st ed.). Hamilton Hill, W.A.: Simon Nevill Publications. pp. 210–211. ISBN 9780980348156.
  4. ^ "Eremophila platycalyx". APNI. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
  5. ^ von Mueller, Ferdinand (1866). Fragmenta phytographiae Australiae (Volume 5). p. 109. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
  6. ^ a b Brown, Roland Wilbur (1956). The Composition of Scientific Words. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  7. ^ "Eremophila platycalyx subsp. platycalyx". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 26 August 2020.
  8. ^ "Eremophila platycalyx subsp. pardalota". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 26 August 2020.
  9. ^ "Eremophila platycalyx subsp. 'Milgun'". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 26 August 2020.
  10. ^ "Eremophila phyllopoda subsp. Neds Creek". APNI. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
  11. ^ "Eremophila phyllopoda subsp. large leaves". APNI. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
  12. ^ "Eremophila phyllopoda subsp. small calyx". APNI. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
  13. ^ "Eremophila platycalyx subsp. platycalyx". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.
  14. ^ "Eremophila platycalyx subsp. pardalota". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.
  15. ^ "Eremophila platycalyx subsp. Milgun". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.
  16. ^ "Eremophila platycalyx". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.
  17. ^ Boschen, Norma; Goods, Maree; Wait, Russell (2008). Australia's eremophilas : changing gardens for a changing climate. Melbourne: Bloomings Books. pp. 144–145. ISBN 9781876473655.
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Eremophila platycalyx: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Eremophila platycalyx is a flowering plant in the figwort family, Scrophulariaceae and is endemic to Western Australia. It is a shrub or small tree with its branches and leaves covered with a layer of matted hairs, although the hairs are sometimes obscured by resin. The shape of the leaves is variable, depending on subspecies, the sepals are often brightly coloured and the petals are cream-coloured, sometimes spotted on the outside. Two subspecies have been described but others have been discovered although not as yet formally described.

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cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
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