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False Daisy

Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Distribution in Egypt
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Nile region, oases and Mediterranean region.

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ba:nid:1504:tid_chapter:305
Global Distribution
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Native to tropical and warm temperate America, naturalized in the Old World.

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Habitat
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Canal banks, edges of springs, wells and swamps.

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Life Expectancy
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Annual.

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Description
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Leaf blades 2–10 cm × 4–30+ mm. Ray laminae ca. 2 mm. Disc corollas ca. 1.5 mm. Cypselae ca. 2.5 mm. 2n = 22 (as E. alba).
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of North America Vol. 21: 128, 129 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
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Flora of North America @ eFloras.org
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Flora of North America Editorial Committee
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ID
230283
Distribution
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A pantropic weed.
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal Vol. 0 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
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Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal @ eFloras.org
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K.K. Shrestha, J.R. Press and D.A. Sutton
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ID
140577
Elevation Range
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200-1200 m
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal Vol. 0 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
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Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal @ eFloras.org
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K.K. Shrestha, J.R. Press and D.A. Sutton
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eFloras.org
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145576
Synonym
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Verbesina prostrata Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 902. 1753; Eclipta alba (Linnaeus) Hasskarl
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of North America Vol. 21: 128, 129 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
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Flora of North America @ eFloras.org
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Flora of North America Editorial Committee
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ID
226933
Eclipta prostrata
provided by wikipedia EN

Eclipta prostrata commonly known as false daisy, yerba de tago, Karisalankanni , and bhringraj, is a species of plant in the sunflower family. It is widespread across much of the world.[3][4][5]

This plant has cylindrical, grayish roots. The solitary flower heads are 6–8 mm (0.24–0.31 in) in diameter, with white florets. The achenes are compressed and narrowly winged.

This species grows commonly in moist places in warm temperate to tropical areas worldwide. It is widely distributed throughout India, Nepal, China, Thailand, and Brazil.

Traditional uses

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Flower of Eclipta prostrata
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Seed of Eclipta prostrata, closeup view

The plant has traditional uses in Ayurveda. It is bitter, hot, sharp, and dry in taste. In India, it is known as bhangra or bhringaraj. Wedelia calendulacea is known by the same names, so the white-flowered E. alba is called white bhangra and the yellow-flowered W. calendulacea is called yellow bhangra.[6]

In Southeast Asia, the dried whole plant is used in traditional medicine,[7] although there is no high-quality clinical research to indicate such uses are effective.

Phytochemistry

Eclipta prostrata contains various phytochemicals, such as coumestans, polypeptides, polyacetylenes, thiophene derivatives, steroids, sterols, triterpenes, and flavonoids.[8]

References

  1. ^ Lansdown, R.V. & Beentje, H.J. (2017). "Eclipta prostrata". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2017: e.T164051A121894451. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T164051A121894451.en. Retrieved 14 January 2018..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ "Eclipta prostrata (L.) L." The Plant List version 1.1. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  3. ^ Flora of North America, Eclipta Linnaeus, Mant. Pl. 157, 286. 1771.
  4. ^ Flora of China, 鳢肠 li chang Eclipta prostrata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus, Mant. Pl. 2: 286. 1771.
  5. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Falsa margherita , false daisy, tattoo plant, Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.
  6. ^ Puri, H. S. 2003. Rasayana: Ayurvedic Herbs for Longevity and Rejuvenation. Taylor & Francis, London. pages 80–85.
  7. ^ Nantana Sittichai; Chayan Picheansoothon, eds. (2014). Herbal Medicines Used in Primary Health Care in ASEAN. Department for Development of Thai Traditional and Alternative Medicine. p. 148-149. ISBN 9786161122119.
  8. ^ Chung, I. M; Rajakumar, G; Lee, J. H; Kim, S. H; Thiruvengadam, M (2017). "Ethnopharmacological uses, phytochemistry, biological activities, and biotechnological applications of Eclipta prostrata". Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 101 (13): 5247–5257. doi:10.1007/s00253-017-8363-9. PMID 28623383.

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Eclipta prostrata: Brief Summary
provided by wikipedia EN

Eclipta prostrata commonly known as false daisy, yerba de tago, Karisalankanni , and bhringraj, is a species of plant in the sunflower family. It is widespread across much of the world.

This plant has cylindrical, grayish roots. The solitary flower heads are 6–8 mm (0.24–0.31 in) in diameter, with white florets. The achenes are compressed and narrowly winged.

 src= in Kerala, India

This species grows commonly in moist places in warm temperate to tropical areas worldwide. It is widely distributed throughout India, Nepal, China, Thailand, and Brazil.

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