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Distribution in Egypt

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Nile region, oases and Mediterranean region.

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Global Distribution

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Native to tropical and warm temperate America, naturalized in the Old World.

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Habitat

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Canal banks, edges of springs, wells and swamps.

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Life Expectancy

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Annual.

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Description

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Leaf blades 2–10 cm × 4–30+ mm. Ray laminae ca. 2 mm. Disc corollas ca. 1.5 mm. Cypselae ca. 2.5 mm. 2n = 22 (as E. alba).
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of North America Vol. 21: 128, 129 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
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Flora of North America @ eFloras.org
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Flora of North America Editorial Committee
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Distribution

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A pantropic weed.
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
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Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal Vol. 0 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
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Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal @ eFloras.org
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K.K. Shrestha, J.R. Press and D.A. Sutton
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Elevation Range

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200-1200 m
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
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Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal Vol. 0 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
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Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal @ eFloras.org
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K.K. Shrestha, J.R. Press and D.A. Sutton
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Synonym

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Verbesina prostrata Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 902. 1753; Eclipta alba (Linnaeus) Hasskarl
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
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Flora of North America Vol. 21: 128, 129 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
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Flora of North America @ eFloras.org
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Flora of North America Editorial Committee
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Derivation of specific name

provided by Flora of Zimbabwe
prostrata: lying flat on the ground; prostrate
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Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings
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Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T. and Ballings, P. (2002-2014). Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. Flora of Zimbabwe website. Accessed 28 August 2014 at http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=160360
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Mark Hyde
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Bart Wursten
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Petra Ballings
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Description

provided by Flora of Zimbabwe
Annual herb, usually with prostrate or decumbent stems, rooting at the nodes, sometimes suberect. Leaves subsessile, elliptic-lanceolate, up to 12 × 2.5 cm; margins toothed. Capitula solitary in the upper leaf axils, 6-10 mm in diameter. Ray-florets, 1-2 seriate, short, numerous, white.
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Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings
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Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T. and Ballings, P. (2002-2014). Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. Flora of Zimbabwe website. Accessed 28 August 2014 at http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=160360
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Mark Hyde
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Bart Wursten
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Petra Ballings
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Worldwide distribution

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Pantropical, possibly originally from Asia.
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Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings
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Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T. and Ballings, P. (2002-2014). Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. Flora of Zimbabwe website. Accessed 28 August 2014 at http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=160360
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Mark Hyde
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Bart Wursten
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Petra Ballings
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Eclipta prostrata

provided by wikipedia EN

Eclipta prostrata commonly known as false daisy, yerba de tago, Karisalankanni , and bhringraj, is a species of plant in the sunflower family. It is widespread across much of the world.[3][4][5]

This plant has cylindrical, grayish roots. The solitary flower heads are 6–8 mm (0.24–0.31 in) in diameter, with white florets. The achenes are compressed and narrowly winged.

This species grows commonly in moist places in warm temperate to tropical areas worldwide. It is widely distributed throughout India, Nepal, China, Thailand, and Brazil.

Traditional uses

"
Flower of Eclipta prostrata
"
Seed of Eclipta prostrata, closeup view
"Eclipta

The plant has traditional uses in Ayurveda. It is bitter, hot, sharp, and dry in taste. In India, it is known as bhangra or bhringaraj. Wedelia calendulacea is known by the same names, so the white-flowered E. alba is called white bhangra and the yellow-flowered W. calendulacea is called yellow bhangra.[6]

In Southeast Asia, the dried whole plant is used in traditional medicine,[7] although there is no high-quality clinical research to indicate such uses are effective.

Phytochemistry

Eclipta prostrata contains various phytochemicals, such as coumestans, polypeptides, polyacetylenes, thiophene derivatives, steroids, sterols, triterpenes, and flavonoids.[8]

References

  1. ^ Lansdown, R.V. & Beentje, H.J. (2017). "Eclipta prostrata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2017: e.T164051A121894451. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T164051A121894451.en.
  2. ^ "Eclipta prostrata (L.) L." The Plant List version 1.1. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  3. ^ Flora of North America, Eclipta Linnaeus, Mant. Pl. 157, 286. 1771.
  4. ^ Flora of China, 鳢肠 li chang Eclipta prostrata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus, Mant. Pl. 2: 286. 1771.
  5. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Falsa margherita , false daisy, tattoo plant, Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.
  6. ^ Puri, H. S. 2003. Rasayana: Ayurvedic Herbs for Longevity and Rejuvenation. Taylor & Francis, London. pages 80–85.
  7. ^ Nantana Sittichai; Chayan Picheansoothon, eds. (2014). Herbal Medicines Used in Primary Health Care in ASEAN. Department for Development of Thai Traditional and Alternative Medicine. p. 148–149. ISBN 9786161122119.
  8. ^ Chung, I. M; Rajakumar, G; Lee, J. H; Kim, S. H; Thiruvengadam, M (2017). "Ethnopharmacological uses, phytochemistry, biological activities, and biotechnological applications of Eclipta prostrata". Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 101 (13): 5247–5257. doi:10.1007/s00253-017-8363-9. PMID 28623383.
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Eclipta prostrata: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Eclipta prostrata commonly known as false daisy, yerba de tago, Karisalankanni , and bhringraj, is a species of plant in the sunflower family. It is widespread across much of the world.

This plant has cylindrical, grayish roots. The solitary flower heads are 6–8 mm (0.24–0.31 in) in diameter, with white florets. The achenes are compressed and narrowly winged.

" in Kerala, India

This species grows commonly in moist places in warm temperate to tropical areas worldwide. It is widely distributed throughout India, Nepal, China, Thailand, and Brazil.

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Eclipta pusilla

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Eclipta pusilla: Brief Summary

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Eclipta pusilla is a Caribbean species of plants in the sunflower family. It is native to the Island of Puerto Rico in the West Indies, part of the United States.

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