dcsimg

Description

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Shrubs erect, creeping or forming an intricate cushion, deciduous, 0.3-5 m. Branchlets 4-angled, somewhat narrowly winged, glabrous. Leaves opposite, 3-foliolate or often simple at base of branchlets; petiole 3-10 mm, glabrous; leaf blade ovate or elliptic, sometimes suborbicular, 0.7-2.2 cm × 4-13 mm; leaflet blade ovate to elliptic, rarely obovate, base cuneate, apex acute or obtuse, mucronulate, veins obscure, terminal one sessile or basally decurrent into a short petiolule, 1-3 × 0.3-1.1 cm, lateral ones sessile, 0.6-2.3 cm × 2-11 mm. Flowers solitary, axillary or rarely terminal; bracts ovate to lanceolate, leafy, 3-8 mm. Pedicel 2-3 mm. Calyx green; lobes 5 or 6, narrowly lanceolate, somewhat leafy, 4-6 mm. Corolla yellow, 2-2.5 cm in diam.; tube 0.8-2 cm; lobes 5 or 6, oblong or elliptic, 0.8-1.3 cm. Berry ovoid or ellipsoid, ca. 6 × 3-4 mm.
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of China Vol. 15: 311 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of China @ eFloras.org
editor
Wu Zhengyi, Peter H. Raven & Hong Deyuan
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eFloras.org
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Distribution

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Gansu, Shaanxi, Sichuan, SE Xizang, NW Yunnan
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cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of China Vol. 15: 311 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of China @ eFloras.org
editor
Wu Zhengyi, Peter H. Raven & Hong Deyuan
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
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eFloras

Habitat

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* Thickets, ravines, slopes; 800-4500 m.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of China Vol. 15: 311 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of China @ eFloras.org
editor
Wu Zhengyi, Peter H. Raven & Hong Deyuan
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras

Jasminum nudiflorum

provided by wikipedia EN

Jasminum nudiflorum, the winter jasmine, is a slender, deciduous shrub native to China (Gansu, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xizang (Tibet), Yunnan). The flower's blossoming peaks right after winter, which is why it is also named Yingchun (迎春) in Chinese, which means "the flower that welcomes Spring". It is widely cultivated as an ornamental and is reportedly naturalized in France and in scattered locations in the United States (Texas, Oklahoma, Georgia, Tennessee, Maryland and New Jersey).[2][3][4]

Description

"Leaves
Leaves

It grows to 3 m (10 ft) tall and wide,[5] with arching green shoots and opposite, pinnate, dark green leaves. Each leaf is divided into three oval-oblong leaflets which are about 3 cm long.[4][6]

As its name suggests, in the Northern Hemisphere winter jasmine flowers from November to March. The solitary flowers, often appearing on the bare stems (hence the Latin nudiflorum, literally "naked flower")[7] have six petals and are bright yellow, or white, about 1 cm across, appearing in the leaf axils. It likes full sun or partial shade and is hardy.

Jasminum nudiflorum is valued by gardeners as one of the few plants that are in flower during the winter months. It is frequently trained against a wall to provide extra warmth and shelter,[8] but also lends itself to groundcover.[5] It tolerates hard pruning and should be pruned in spring immediately after flowering; regular pruning will help to prevent bare patches. It can also be grown as a bonsai and is very tolerant of the wiring methods. It can be propagated using the layering technique.

Taxonomy

It is known as rui guo yuan wei in Pidgin.[9]

It is also known as 'jasmim-amarelo' in Portuguese (Brazil) and 'vinterjasmin' in Swedish.[9]

It was collected in China by Robert Fortune.[10]

It was first published and described by Lindl. in the Journal of the Horticultural Society of London Vol.1 on page 153 in 1846.[9][11]

It was verified by United States Department of Agriculture and the Agricultural Research Service on 30 September 2011.[9]

Jasminum nudiflorum has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[12][13]

Distribution and habitat

It is native to China.[9]

Range

It is found within many Provinces of China, (including Guangxi (Gansu), Shanxi, Sichuan, Xizang (also referred to as Tibet) and Yunnan.[9]

References

  1. ^ "Jasminum nudiflorum Lindl. is an accepted name". theplantlist.org (The Plant List). 23 March 2012. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  2. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Jasminum nudiflorum
  3. ^ Biota of North America Program, Jasminum nudiflorum
  4. ^ a b Flora of China v 15 p 311, Jasminum nudiflorum
  5. ^ a b RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964.
  6. ^ Lindley, John. 1846. Journal of the Horticultural Society of London 1: 153–154 Jasminum nudiflorum
  7. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. p. 224. ISBN 9781845337315.
  8. ^ "PFAF Database - Jasminum nudiflorum". Plants for a future. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d e f "Jasminum nudiflorum". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  10. ^ Nicholson, B.E.; Wallis, Michael (1963). The Oxford Book of Garden Flowers (Revised ed.). London: Oxford University Press (published 1973). p. viii. ISBN 1131802403.
  11. ^ "Oleaceae Jasminum nudiflorum Lindl". ipni.org (International Plant Names Index). Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  12. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Jasminum nudiflorum". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  13. ^ "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 56. Retrieved 14 March 2018.

"
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Jasminum nudiflorum: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Jasminum nudiflorum, the winter jasmine, is a slender, deciduous shrub native to China (Gansu, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xizang (Tibet), Yunnan). The flower's blossoming peaks right after winter, which is why it is also named Yingchun (迎春) in Chinese, which means "the flower that welcomes Spring". It is widely cultivated as an ornamental and is reportedly naturalized in France and in scattered locations in the United States (Texas, Oklahoma, Georgia, Tennessee, Maryland and New Jersey).

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Wikipedia authors and editors
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