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Faboideae

provided by wikipedia EN

The Faboideae are a subfamily of the flowering plant family Fabaceae or Leguminosae. An acceptable alternative name for the subfamily is Papilionoideae, or Papilionaceae when this group of plants is treated as a family.[4]

This subfamily is widely distributed, and members are adapted to a wide variety of environments. Faboideae may be trees, shrubs, or herbaceous plants. Members include the pea, the sweet pea, the laburnum, and other legumes. The flowers are classically pea-shaped, and root nodulation is very common.

Genera

The type genus, Faba, is a synonym of Vicia, and is listed here as Vicia.

Systematics

Modern molecular phylogenetics recommend a clade-based classification of Faboideae as a superior alternative to the traditional tribal classification of Polhill:[5][17][18][19][20]

Faboideae   ADA clade

Angylocalyceae

     

Dipterygeae

   

Amburaneae

            Swartzieae

Swartzioids

   

Atelioids

         

Cladrastis clade

Meso‑Papilionoideae

Exostyleae

Genistoids

Ormosieae

     

Brongniartieae

   

Leptolobieae

Core genistoids

Camoensieae

     

Sophoreae

     

Podalyrieae

     

Crotalarieae

   

Genisteae

                 

Vataireoids

   

Andira clade

Dalbergioids Amorpheae

Amorphoids

   

Daleoids

    Dalbergieae

Adesmia clade

   

Dalbergia clade

   

Pterocarpus clade

        Old World clade  

Baphieae

NPAAA clade    

Hypocalypteae

   

Mirbelioids

         

Indigofereae

Millettioids

Barbierieae (Clitoriinae clade)

    Core millettioids

Abreae

     

Millettieae

   

Diocleae

      Phaseoloids

Kennediinae clade

   

Desmodieae

     

Cajaninae clade

     

Erythrininae clade

     

Psoraleeae

   

Phaseolinae clade

                Hologalegina Robinioids

Loteae

     

Sesbanieae

   

Robinieae

      IRLC

Wisterieae

     

Fabeae

     

Hedysareae

   

Astragaleae

        (=galegoids)             (Papilionoideae)

Note: Minor branches have been omitted.

Notes

  1. ^ Not a true genus. It is a graft-chimera between Laburnum and Cytisus.

References

  1. ^ United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) (2003): Germplasm Resources Information NetworkFaboideae Archived 2010-05-28 at the Wayback Machine. Version of 2003-JAN-17. Retrieved 2010-AUG-07.
  2. ^ "Faboideae at UniProt". Retrieved 2010-08-07.
  3. ^ "Systema Naturae 2000". Retrieved 2010-08-07.
  4. ^ McNeill, J.; et al., eds. (2006), International code of botanical nomenclature (Vienna Code) adopted by the seventeenth International Botanical Congress, Vienna, Austria, July 2005 (electronic ed.), Vienna: International Association for Plant Taxonomy, archived from the original on 6 October 2012, retrieved 2011-02-20, Article 19.7
  5. ^ a b Cardoso D, de Queiroz LP, Pennington RT, de Lima HC, Fonty É, Wojciechowski MF, Lavin M (2012). "Revisiting the phylogeny of papilionoid legumes: new insights from comprehensively sampled early-branching lineages". Am J Bot. 99 (12): 1991–2013. doi:10.3732/ajb.1200380. PMID 23221500.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Delgado-Salinas A, Thulin M, Pasquet R, Weeden N, Lavin M (2011). "Vigna (Leguminosae) sensu lato: the names and identities of the American segregate genera". Am J Bot. 98 (10): 1694–715. doi:10.3732/ajb.1100069. PMID 21980163.
  7. ^ a b Boatwright JS, Tilney PM, Van Wyk BE (2009). "The generic concept of Lebeckia (Crotalarieae, Fabaceae): reinstatement of the genus Calobota and the new genus Wiborgiella". S Afr J Bot. 75 (3): 546–556. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2009.06.001.
  8. ^ a b c d e Boatwright JS, Wink M, van Wyk BE (2011). "The generic concept of Lotononis (Crotalarieae, Fabaceae): Reinstatement of the genera Euchlora, Leobordea and Listia and the new genus Ezoloba". Taxon. 60 (1): 161–77. doi:10.1002/tax.601014.
  9. ^ Torke BM, Schaal BA (2008). "Molecular phylogenetics of the species-rich neotropical genus Swartzia (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae) and related genera of the swartzioid clade". Am J Bot. 95 (2): 215–228. doi:10.3732/ajb.95.2.215.
  10. ^ a b Cardoso D, de Lima HC, Rodrigues RS, de Queiroz LP, Pennington RT, Lavin M (2012). "The Bowdichia clade of Genistoid legumes: Phylogenetic analysis of combined molecular and morphological data and a recircumscription of Diplotropis". Taxon. 61 (5): 1074–1087. doi:10.1002/tax.615012.
  11. ^ Hughes CE, Lewis GP, Daza Yomona A, Reynel C (2004). "Maraniona. A New Dalbergioid Legume Genus (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae) from Peru". Syst Bot. 29 (2): 366–374. doi:10.1600/036364404774195557.
  12. ^ Cardoso D, de Lima HC, de Queiroz LP (2013). "Staminodianthus, a new neotropical Genistoid legume genus segregated from Diplotropis". Phytotaxa. 110 (1): 1–16. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.110.1.1.
  13. ^ Lewis GP, Wood JR, Lavin M (2012). "Steinbachiella (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae: Dalbergieae), endemic to Bolivia, is reinstated as an accepted genus". Kew Bull. 67 (4): 789–796. doi:10.1007/s12225-012-9415-z.
  14. ^ de Queiroz LP, Lewis GP, Wojciechowski MF (2010). "Tabaroa, a new genus of Leguminosae tribe Brongniartieae from Brazil". Kew Bull. 65 (2): 189–203. doi:10.1007/s12225-010-9202-7. JSTOR 23216080.
  15. ^ Ireland HE (2007). "Taxonomic changes in the South American genus Bocoa (Leguminosae–Swartzieae): Reinstatement of the name Trischidium, and a synopsis of both genera". Kew Bull. 62 (2): 333–350. JSTOR 20443359.
  16. ^ Thulin M, Lavin M (2001). "Phylogeny and Biogeography of the Ormocarpum Group (Fabaceae): A New Genus Zygocarpum from the Horn of Africa Region". Syst Bot. 26 (2): 299–317. JSTOR 2666709.
  17. ^ Cardoso D, Pennington RT, de Queiroz LP, Boatwright JS, Van Wykd BE, Wojciechowskie MF, Lavin M (2013). "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes". S Afr J Bot. 89: 58–75. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.05.001.
  18. ^ Wojciechowskie MF (2013). "Towards a new classification of Leguminosae: Naming clades using non-Linnaean phylogenetic nomenclature". S. Afr. J. Bot. 89: 85–93. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.06.017.
  19. ^ LPWG [Legume Phylogeny Working Group] (2013). "Legume phylogeny and classification in the 21st century: progress, prospects and lessons for other species-rich clades". Taxon. 62 (2): 217–248. doi:10.12705/622.8. hdl:10566/3455.
  20. ^ de Queiroz LP, Pastore JF, Cardoso D, Snak C, de C Lima AL, Gagnon E, Vatanparast M, Holland AE, Egan AN (2015). "A multilocus phylogenetic analysis reveals the monophyly of a recircumscribed papilionoid legume tribe Diocleae with well-supported generic relationships". Mol Phylogenet Evol. 90: 1–19. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2015.04.016. PMID 25934529.

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Faboideae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

The Faboideae are a subfamily of the flowering plant family Fabaceae or Leguminosae. An acceptable alternative name for the subfamily is Papilionoideae, or Papilionaceae when this group of plants is treated as a family.

This subfamily is widely distributed, and members are adapted to a wide variety of environments. Faboideae may be trees, shrubs, or herbaceous plants. Members include the pea, the sweet pea, the laburnum, and other legumes. The flowers are classically pea-shaped, and root nodulation is very common.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
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visit source
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