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Red-toothed shrew

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The red-toothed shrews of the subfamily Soricinae are one of three living subfamilies of shrews, along with Crocidurinae (white-toothed shrews) and Myosoricinae (African white-toothed shrews). In addition, the family contains the extinct subfamilies Limnoecinae, Crocidosoricinae, Allosoricinae and Heterosoricinae. These species are typically found in North America, northern South America, Europe and northern Asia. The enamel of the tips of their teeth is reddish due to iron pigment. The iron deposits serve to harden the enamel and are concentrated in those parts of the teeth most subject to wear.[2]

The list of species is:[1][3]

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Southern water shrew (Neomys anomalus)

References

  1. ^ a b c Hutterer, R. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 267–300. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ Strait, S. G.; Smith, S. C. (August 2006). "Elemental Analysis Of Soricine Enamel: Pigmentation Variation and Distribution in Molars of Blarina Brevicauda". Journal of Mammalogy. American Society of Mammalogists. 87 (4): 700–705. doi:10.1644/05-MAMM-A-265R4.1. Retrieved 2009-09-05.
  3. ^ "New Species Of Desert Shrew Found In Southern Arizona". ScienceDaily. Retrieved 2006-05-14.
  4. ^ a b Woodman, Neal (June 2010). "Two new species of shrews (Soricidae) from the western highlands of Guatemala". Journal of Mammalogy. American Society of Mammalogists. 91 (3): 566–579. doi:10.1644/09-MAMM-A-346.1.
  5. ^ Carraway, L. N. (2010). "Fossil history of Notiosorex (Soricomorpha: Soricidae) shrews with descriptions of new species". Western North American Naturalist. 70 (2): 144–163. ISSN 1527-0904.
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Red-toothed shrew: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

The red-toothed shrews of the subfamily Soricinae are one of three living subfamilies of shrews, along with Crocidurinae (white-toothed shrews) and Myosoricinae (African white-toothed shrews). In addition, the family contains the extinct subfamilies Limnoecinae, Crocidosoricinae, Allosoricinae and Heterosoricinae. These species are typically found in North America, northern South America, Europe and northern Asia. The enamel of the tips of their teeth is reddish due to iron pigment. The iron deposits serve to harden the enamel and are concentrated in those parts of the teeth most subject to wear.

The list of species is:

Tribe Anourosoricini Genus Anourosorex (Asian mole shrews) Assam mole shrew, A. assamensis Giant mole shrew, A. schmidi Chinese mole shrew, A. squamipes Taiwanese mole shrew, A. yamashinai Tribe Blarinellini Genus Blarinella (Asiatic short-tailed shrews) Indochinese short-tailed shrew, B. griselda Asiatic short-tailed shrew, B. quadraticauda Burmese short-tailed shrew, B. wardi Tribe Blarinini Genus Blarina (American short-tailed shrews) Northern short-tailed shrew, B. brevicauda Southern short-tailed shrew, B. carolinensis Elliot's short-tailed shrew, B. hylophaga Everglades short-tailed shrew, B. peninsulae Genus Cryptotis (small-eared shrews) Cryptotis mexicana group Mexican small-eared shrew, C. mexicana Nelson's small-eared shrew, C. nelsoni Grizzled Mexican small-eared shrew, C. obscura Phillips's small-eared shrew, C. phillipsii Cryptotis goldmani set Central Mexican broad-clawed shrew, C. alticola Goldman's broad-clawed shrew, C. goldmani Goodwin's broad-clawed shrew, C. goodwini Guatemalan broad-clawed shrew, C. griseoventris C. lacertosus C. mam Oaxacan broad-clawed shrew, C. peregrina Cryptotis nigrescens group Eastern Cordillera small-footed shrew, C. brachyonyx Colombian small-eared shrew, C. colombiana Honduran small-eared shrew, C. hondurensis Yucatan small-eared shrew, C. mayensis Darién small-eared shrew, C. mera Merriam's small-eared shrew, C. merriami Blackish small-eared shrew, C. nigrescens Cryptotis thomasi group Ecuadoran small-eared shrew, C. equatoris Medellín small-eared shrew, C. medellinia Merida small-eared shrew, C. meridensis Wandering small-eared shrew, C. montivaga Peruvian small-eared shrew, C. peruviensis Scaly-footed small-eared shrew or Western Colombian small-eared shrew, C. squamipes Tamá small-eared shrew, C. tamensis Thomas's small-eared shrew, C. thomasi Cryptotis parva group Central American least shrew, C. orophila North American least shrew, C. parva Tropical small-eared shrew, C. tropicalis ungrouped/relict Enders's small-eared shrew, C. endersi Talamancan small-eared shrew, C. gracilis Big Mexican small-eared shrew, C. magna  src= Southern water shrew (Neomys anomalus) Tribe Nectogalini Genus Chimarrogale (Asiatic water shrews) Malayan water shrew, C. hantu Himalayan water shrew, C. himalayica Bornean water shrew, C. phaeura Japanese water shrew, C. platycephalus Chinese water shrew, C. styani Sumatran water shrew, C. sumatrana Genus Chodsigoa Van Sung's shrew, C. cauvansunga Chodsigoa furva (Anthony, 1941) Chodsigoa hoffmanni sp. nov. (Zhong-Zheng Chen et al., 2017) De Winton's shrew, C. hypsibia Lamulate shrew, C. lamula (Soriculus lamula) Lowe's shrew, C. parca Pygmy brown-toothed shrew, C. parva Salenski's shrew, C. salenskii Smith's shrew, C. smithii Lesser Taiwanese shrew, C. sodalis Genus Episoriculus Hodgsons's brown-toothed shrew, E. caudatus Taiwanese brown-toothed shrew, E. fumidus Long-tailed brown-toothed shrew, E. leucops Long-tailed mountain shrew, E. macrurus Genus Nectogale Elegant water shrew, N. elegans Genus Neomys (Eurasian water shrews) Mediterranean water shrew, N. anomalus Eurasian water shrew, N. fodiens Transcaucasian water shrew, N. teres Genus †Nesiotites Balearic shrew, †N. hidalgo Sardinian shrew, †N. similis Corsican giant shrew,†N. corsicanus Genus Soriculus Himalayan shrew, S. nigrescens Tribe Notiosoricini Genus Megasorex Mexican shrew, M. gigas Genus Notiosorex Cockrum's gray shrew, N. cockrumi Crawford's gray shrew, N. crawfordi Large-eared gray shrew, N. evotis Villa's gray shrew, N. villai †N. repenningiN. jacksoniN. harrisiN. dalquesti Tribe Soricini Genus Sorex (long-tailed shrews) Subgenus Otisorex Long-tailed shrew, Sorex dispar Smoky shrew, Sorex fumeus American pygmy shrew, Sorex hoyi Large-toothed shrew, Sorex macrodon Carmen Mountain shrew, Sorex milleri Dwarf shrew, Sorex nanus Mexican long-tailed shrew, Sorex oreopolus Orizaba long-tailed shrew, Sorex orizabae Ornate shrew, Sorex ornatus Inyo shrew, Sorex tenellus Verapaz shrew, Sorex veraepacis Sorex ixtlanensis (Carraway, 2007) Sorex vagrans complex Glacier Bay water shrew, Sorex alaskanus Baird's shrew, Sorex bairdii Marsh shrew, Sorex bendirii Montane shrew, Sorex monticolus New Mexico shrew, Sorex neomexicanus Pacific shrew, Sorex pacificus American water shrew, Sorex palustris Fog shrew, Sorex sonomae Vagrant shrew, Sorex vagrans Sorex cinereus group Kamchatka shrew, Sorex camtschatica Cinereus shrew, Sorex cinereus Prairie shrew, Sorex haydeni Saint Lawrence Island shrew, Sorex jacksoni Paramushir shrew, Sorex leucogaster Southeastern shrew, Sorex longirostris Mount Lyell shrew, Sorex lyelli Portenko's shrew, Sorex portenkoi Preble's shrew, Sorex preblei Pribilof Island shrew, Sorex pribilofensis Olympic shrew, Sorex rohweri Barren ground shrew, Sorex ugyunak Subgenus Sorex Dneper common shrew, Sorex averini Lesser striped shrew, Sorex bedfordiae Stripe-backed shrew, Sorex cylindricauda Chinese highland shrew, Sorex excelsus Azumi shrew, Sorex hosonoi Chinese shrew, Sorex sinalis Alaska tiny shrew, Sorex yukonicus Sorex alpinus group Alpine shrew, Sorex alpinus Ussuri shrew, Sorex mirabilis Sorex araneus group Valais shrew, Sorex antinorii Common shrew, Sorex araneus Udine shrew, Sorex arunchi Millet's shrew, Sorex coronatus Siberian large-toothed shrew, Sorex daphaenodon Iberian shrew, Sorex granarius Caucasian shrew, Sorex satunini Sorex arcticus group Arctic shrew, Sorex arcticus Maritime shrew, Sorex maritimensis Sorex tundrensis group Tien Shan shrew, Sorex asper Gansu shrew, Sorex cansulus Tundra shrew, Sorex tundrensis Sorex minutus group Buchara shrew, Sorex buchariensis Kozlov's shrew, Sorex kozlovi Caucasian pygmy shrew, Sorex volnuchini Sorex caecutiens group Laxmann's shrew, Sorex caecutiens Taiga shrew, Sorex isodon Eurasian least shrew, Sorex minutissimus Eurasian pygmy shrew, Sorex minutus Flat-skulled shrew, Sorex roboratus Shinto shrew, Sorex shinto Long-clawed shrew, Sorex unguiculatus Sorex gracillimus group Slender shrew, Sorex gracillimus Sorex raddei group Radde's shrew, Sorex raddei Sorex samniticus group Apennine shrew, Sorex samniticus Subgenus incertae sedis Arizona shrew, Sorex arizonae Zacatecas shrew, Sorex emarginatus Merriam's shrew, Sorex merriami Kashmir pygmy shrew, Sorex planiceps Saussure's shrew, Sorex saussurei Sorex mediopua (Carraway, 2007) Sclater's shrew, Sorex sclateri San Cristobal shrew, Sorex stizodon Tibetan shrew, Sorex thibetanus Trowbridge's shrew, Sorex trowbridgii Chestnut-bellied shrew, Sorex ventralis Veracruz shrew, Sorex veraecrucis
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