Pinguicula balcanica, also known as the Balkanian butterwort, is a perennial carnivorous plant in the family Lentibulariaceae.
The plant is endemic to the Balkans. It is found in Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, North Macedonia and Serbia.
It grows in the subalpine parts of mountains at an altitude of 900–2,500 metres (3,000–8,200 ft) above sea level. It, like most carnivorous plants, grows in wet, nutrient poor, acidic environments and can often be found in high altitude sphagnum bogs, near streams, and wet rocky places in mountains.
It flowers in spring, from May to August, and produces seed from July to September. It survives winter in a hibernaculum.