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Brief Summary

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Common speedwell is one of those plants you need to get down on your knees for. Its stem lies on the ground and its flowers are very small. The plant is commonly found in the Dutch dunes. It is also found in sandy regions formed during the Pleistocene but is becoming quite rare. Common speedwell grows best in dry, sunny places on relatively nutrient-poor, unfertilized, humus-rich sandy and loamy soil. Examples are dunes, heath lands and dry grassy lands. In the dunes, it is found in calcium-poor as well as calcium-rich sand in low grassy and mossy vegetation. As long as no snow has fallen, it is one of the few dune grassland plants that retains its green leaves after a late severe frost.
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Veronica officinalis

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Heath speedwell in Oregon

Veronica officinalis, the heath speedwell,[1] common gypsyweed,[2] common speedwell, or Paul's betony, is a species of flowering plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae. It is native to Europe and western Asia. It has been introduced to North America and is widely naturalised there.

It is a herbaceous perennial with hairy green stems 10–50 cm long that cover the ground in mats and send up short vertical shoots which bear soft violet flowers. The leaves are 1.5–5 cm long and 1–3 cm broad, and softly hairy.

It flowers from May until August.

Cultivation and uses

This speedwell grows in open areas, such as fields, meadows and gardens, where it is sometimes grown as an edible, or medicinal herb.[3]

The slightly bitter and astringent taste and tea-like smell of speedwell led to its use as a tea substitute in 19th-century France, where it was called thé d'Europe, or "Europe tea." The French still use this term as a name for speedwell.[4]

References

  1. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  2. ^ "Veronica officinalis". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  3. ^ "Veronica officinalis". PFAF.
  4. ^ Pharmacopoea Bavarica Iussu Regio Edita (in Latin). Munich: Joseph Lindauer. 1822. p. 132.

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Veronica officinalis: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN
 src= Heath speedwell in Oregon

Veronica officinalis, the heath speedwell, common gypsyweed, common speedwell, or Paul's betony, is a species of flowering plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae. It is native to Europe and western Asia. It has been introduced to North America and is widely naturalised there.

It is a herbaceous perennial with hairy green stems 10–50 cm long that cover the ground in mats and send up short vertical shoots which bear soft violet flowers. The leaves are 1.5–5 cm long and 1–3 cm broad, and softly hairy.

It flowers from May until August.

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