Image of catawba rhododendron
Creatures » » Plants » » Heather Family »

Catawba Rhododendron

Rhododendron catawbiense Michx.

Comprehensive Description

provided by North American Flora
Rhododendron catawbiense Michx. FL Bor. Am. 1: 258. 1803
An evergreen shrub commonly 1-3 m. tall, or rarely a small tree, with finely pubescent twigs ; leaf-blades oblong, elliptic, or oval, 7-16 cm. long, abruptly pointed at the apex, glabrous, dark-green above, pale-green beneath, mostly rounded or subcordate at the base, the stout petioles pubescent ; calyx-lobes half -orbicular or broadly deltoid, much wider than long ; corolla rose-purple or lilacptu'ple, broadly campanulate, Z.$-5 cm. long, the lobes scarcely undulate; filaments slender, the longer ones al)Out 3 cm. long; anthers about 3 mm. long; style elongate; capsules narrowly oblong, or slightly enlarged at the base, 2-2.5 cm. long; seeds less than 3 mm. long.
Type locality : High mountains of North Carolina.
Distribution: Mountains of Virginia and West Virginia to Georgia and Alabama; rarely eastward to near the coastal plain.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
bibliographic citation
John Kunkel Small, NathanieI Lord Britton, Per Axel Rydberg, LeRoy Abrams. 1914. ERICALES, CLETHRACEAE, LENNOACEAE, PTROLACEAE, MONOTROPACEAE, ERICACEAE, UVA-URSI. North American flora. vol 29(1). New York Botanical Garden, New York, NY
original
visit source
partner site
North American Flora

Rhododendron catawbiense

provided by wikipedia EN

Rhododendron catawbiense, with common names Catawba rosebay,[2] Catawba rhododendron,[3] mountain rosebay,[3] purple ivy,[3] purple laurel,[3] purple rhododendron,[3] red laurel,[3] rosebay,[3] rosebay laurel,[3] is a species of Rhododendron native to the eastern United States, growing mainly in the southern Appalachian Mountains from Virginia south to northern Alabama.

It is a dense, suckering shrub growing to 3 m tall, rarely 5 m. The leaves are evergreen, 6–12 cm long and 2–4 cm broad. The flowers are 3-4.5 cm diameter, violet-purple, often with small spots or streaks. The fruit is a dry capsule 15–20 mm long, containing numerous small seeds.

The species is named after the Catawba River.[4]

Classification

Rhododendron catawbiense belongs to the Subgenus Hymenanthes, within which it is further assigned to Section Ponticum and Subsection Pontica. The latter — one of the 24 subsections of Ponticum — also contains about a dozen other species. The taxonomy has been confused by a tendency to group all large leaved Rhododendrons under the catch-all R. catawbiense.[5]

Cultivation and uses

Rhododendron catawbiense is cultivated as an ornamental plant, popular both in North America and in parts of Europe. It is primarily grown for its spring flower display. Outside of its native range, many cultivars and hybrids have been created,[6] such as 'Purple Elegans', 'Roseus Elegans', and 'Grandiflorum'.

See also

References

  1. ^ IUCN SSC Global Tree Specialist Group.; Botanic Gardens Conservation International (BGCI). (2020). "Rhododendron catawbiense". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T156821604A156821606. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-1.RLTS.T156821604A156821606.en. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
  2. ^ "Rhododendron catawbiense". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Wagstaff, D.J. (2008). International Poisonous Plants Checklist: An Evidence-Based Reference. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9781420062533.
  4. ^ André Michaux. Flora Boreali'Americana. 1803. ("Hab. in montibus excelsis Carolinse septentrionalis; juxta originem amnis Catawba")[1]
  5. ^ University of Connecticut: Rhododendron catawbiense Archived 2012-07-12 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ R. catawbiense cultivars . accessed 1.31.2013

 title=
license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN

Rhododendron catawbiense: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Rhododendron catawbiense, with common names Catawba rosebay, Catawba rhododendron, mountain rosebay, purple ivy, purple laurel, purple rhododendron, red laurel, rosebay, rosebay laurel, is a species of Rhododendron native to the eastern United States, growing mainly in the southern Appalachian Mountains from Virginia south to northern Alabama.

It is a dense, suckering shrub growing to 3 m tall, rarely 5 m. The leaves are evergreen, 6–12 cm long and 2–4 cm broad. The flowers are 3-4.5 cm diameter, violet-purple, often with small spots or streaks. The fruit is a dry capsule 15–20 mm long, containing numerous small seeds.

The species is named after the Catawba River.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN