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Longhorn Steer's Head

Dicentra uniflora Kellogg

Description

provided by eFloras
Plants perennial, scapose, from clusters of club- to spindle-shaped tubers, small bulblets often present at proximal ends of tubers. Leaves 4-7(-10) × (1-)3-4 cm; petiole 2-5(-8) cm; blade with 3-4 orders of leaflets and lobes; surfaces pubescent near base, rarely sparsely pubescent throughout; ultimate lobes variable in shape, often oblong to spoon-shaped, (2-)6-12(-18) × 1.5-6 mm, minutely apiculate, occasionally retuse. Inflorescences 1-flowered, barely exceeding to shorter than leaves; bracts 1 (rarely 2) per scape, lanceolate, 4-6 × 2-3 mm. Flowers nodding to erect; pedicels 2-7 mm; petals pink to white, suffused light brown; outer petals (7-)12-16(-20) mm, reflexed portion (4-)6-8(-10) mm; inner petals purple-tipped, (11-)13-15(-17) mm, blade triangular to lanceolate or spoon-shaped, 4-8 mm, claw linear-oblong, 4-6 mm, crest absent; filaments of each bundle usually distinct above base, occasionally connate just below anthers, median filament forming loop with slight indentation near base; nectariferous tissue borne along basal part of loop; style 2-5 mm; stigma shallowly 2-lobed, much reduced, slightly wider than style. Capsules ovoid, attenuate to style, 9-14 × 5-9 mm. Seeds reniform, ca. 1.5 mm diam., finely and obscurely reticulate, elaiosome absent. 2 n = 16.
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cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of North America Vol. 3 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of North America @ eFloras.org
editor
Flora of North America Editorial Committee
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
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eFloras

Distribution

provided by eFloras
B.C.; Calif., Idaho, Mont., Nev., Oreg., Utah, Wash., Wyo.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of North America Vol. 3 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of North America @ eFloras.org
editor
Flora of North America Editorial Committee
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras

Flowering/Fruiting

provided by eFloras
Flowering very early spring-late summer.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of North America Vol. 3 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of North America @ eFloras.org
editor
Flora of North America Editorial Committee
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras

Habitat

provided by eFloras
Rocky slopes and hillsides in gravelly soils, often flowering near edges of melting snowbanks; 1500-2200(-3300)m.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of North America Vol. 3 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of North America @ eFloras.org
editor
Flora of North America Editorial Committee
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras

Dicentra uniflora

provided by wikipedia EN

Dicentra uniflora, the longhorn steer's head, is a herbaceous perennial growing from a tuber, native to gravelly soils in mountains of the western United States.

Description

Height is up to 10 centimetres (4 in). Leaves are leaves are long-stalked and 3-times compound with rounded leaflets. Each leaflet is deeply divided.

Flowers have pink to white petals tinged with light brown or purple. The two outer petals are bent back; the inner petals are fused at the tip.

Seeds are borne in a capsule a little more than a 1 centimetre (0.4 in) long.

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Dicentra uniflora

References

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Dicentra uniflora: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Dicentra uniflora, the longhorn steer's head, is a herbaceous perennial growing from a tuber, native to gravelly soils in mountains of the western United States.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN