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Description

provided by Flora of Zimbabwe
Evergreen, many-stemmed vines or sometimes scrambling shrubs. Milky latex present in stems and leaves. Leaves Opposite, simple, glossy dark green, thickly leathery; margin entire. Flowers in axillary, pseudumbellate clusters, large and showy, funnel-shaped, pink to purple-red. Fruit in distinctly 4-angled, paired follicles.
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Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings
bibliographic citation
Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T. and Ballings, P. (2002-2014). Cryptostegia Flora of Zimbabwe website. Accessed 28 August 2014 at http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/genus.php?genus_id=2374
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Mark Hyde
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Bart Wursten
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Petra Ballings
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Flora of Zimbabwe

Cryptostegia

provided by wikipedia EN

Cryptostegia is a genus of flowering plants native to tropical Africa and Madagascar. The genus is in the family Apocynaceae.

Description

Cryptostegia includes three species of slender, many-stemmed, woody, perennial vines. When their stems or leaves are damaged they exude a milky latex that is extremely toxic to livestock; it contains cardiac glycosides that cause sudden death, especially after violent exertion. Though the latex is of good quality it is not used commercially.

Cryptostegia are evergreen and are grown for their showy ornamental vines. They are vigorous and self-supporting and their vines sometimes attain a length of 15m. Leaves are ovate, opposite, glossy and dark green. They are 6–10 cm long and 3–5 cm wide. Clusters of large, showy, funnel-shaped flowers with 5 white to rose-pink or reddish-purple petals bloom in summer after the wet season. Seed pods are rigid 10–12 cm long and 3–4 cm wide, and grow in pairs at the end of a short stalk. The seeds are attached to a silky white floss. The plants grow rampantly in a favourable climate and are invasive in some areas. In Australia Cryptostegia grandiflora in particular has been declared a Weed of National Significance. It is regarded as one of the worst weeds in Australia because of its invasiveness, potential for spread, and economic and environmental impacts.[3]

In cultivation, the plants require a hot climate.

Species

References

  1. ^ "Genus: Cryptostegia R. Br". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-09-17. Retrieved 2010-11-26.
  2. ^ McFadyen, R.E.; Harvey, G.J. (1990). "Distribution and control of rubbervine, Cryptostegia grandiflora, a major weed in northern Queensland. Plant Protection Quarterly". Plant Protection Quarterly (5): 152–155.
  3. ^ Weeds of National Significance Department of the Environment and Heritage and the CRC for Australian Weed Management, 2003 ISBN 1 9209 3215 1
  4. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Cryptostegia". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2009-01-20. Retrieved 2010-11-26.

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Cryptostegia: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Cryptostegia is a genus of flowering plants native to tropical Africa and Madagascar. The genus is in the family Apocynaceae.

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Wikipedia authors and editors
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wikipedia EN