Comprehensive Description

provided by North American Flora
Rosa indica L. Sp. PI. 492. 1753
Rosa chinensis K. Koch, Dendr. 1: 272. 1869. Not R. chinensis Jacq. 1765.
Rosa sinica Murr. Syst. ed. 13. 394. 1774.
Rosa canina Thunb. Fl. Jap. 214. 1784. Not R. canina L. 1753.
Stem erect, stout, terete, 1-2 m. high, armed with stout, flat, almost straight prickles 5-8 mm. long, or sometimes unarmed; stipules adnate, often red, narrow, 1-2 cm. long, glabrous, glandular-denticulate or glandular-ciliate; free portion subulate-attenuate; rachis and petiole glabrous or nearly so, sometimes glandular and usually somewhat prickly; leaflets 3-5, rarely 7, ovate, acuminate, evergreen, finely-serrate, shining and dark-green above, paler beneath, glabrous, 2-6 cm. long, the lateral ones petioluled; flowers few, corymbose or solitary; pedicels glabrous or slightly glandular; hypanthium pear-shaped, acute at the base, glabrous, in' fruit 15-20 mm. long and 10-12 mm. broad, brown; sepals lanceolate, caudate, attenuate, about 2 cm. long, glabrous or slightly glandular on the back, tomentose on the margins and within, often lobed on the margins and tinged with red; petals about 2 cm. long, crimson, pink or white; styles exserted, distinct.
Type locality: China.
Distribution: Louisiana; Cuba and Porto Rico; Mexico: naturalized from India and China.
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bibliographic citation
Per Axel Rydberg. 1918. ROSACEAE (conclusio). North American flora. vol 22(6). New York Botanical Garden, New York, NY
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