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Image of Desmodium gangeticum (L.) DC.
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Desmodium gangeticum (L.) DC.

Description

provided by eFloras
Undershrub, 60-120 cm tall, branches pubescent. Leaf unifoliolate, petiole 1-2.5 cm long, leaflet, 4-12.5 cm long, 3.5-7.5 cm broad, orbicular, ovate, rarely elliptic-oblong or lanceolate, acute or sub-acuminate, glabrous above, pubescent below; stipules 6-8.5 mm long, scarious; petiolule c. 1.5 mm long, stipel c. 3 mm long. Inflorescence terminal or axillary raceme, 15-30 cm long. Bract 1.5-3.5 mm long. Pedicel 4-6.5 mm long, pubescent. Calyx c. 2.5 mm long, pubescent, teeth longer than the tube. Corolla 3.8-4.5 mm long, violet or white. Fruit 1.2-2.5 cm long, c. 2.5 mm broad, subfalcate, upper suture slightly indented, lower deeply indented between the seeds, articles 6-8, longer than broad, indehiscent, pubescent, hairs hooked, minute.
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of Pakistan Vol. 0: 347 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of Pakistan @ eFloras.org
editor
S. I. Ali & M. Qaiser
project
eFloras.org
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eFloras

Distribution

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Tropical Africa, Himalaya (Kashmir to Bhutan), Ceylon, India, S.E. Asia, China, Malaysia, Australia.
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cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal Vol. 0 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal @ eFloras.org
author
K.K. Shrestha, J.R. Press and D.A. Sutton
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eFloras.org
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Distribution

provided by eFloras
Distribution: Pakistan, Kashmir, India (Punjab, Kumaon, Bengal, Madras, Madhya Pradesh, Bombay), Ceylon, Burma, Tropical Africa, Malaysia, Philippines, China.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of Pakistan Vol. 0: 347 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of Pakistan @ eFloras.org
editor
S. I. Ali & M. Qaiser
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras

Elevation Range

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300-1000 m
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cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal Vol. 0 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal @ eFloras.org
author
K.K. Shrestha, J.R. Press and D.A. Sutton
project
eFloras.org
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eFloras

Flower/Fruit

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Fl.Per: May - September and sometimes other months.
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cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of Pakistan Vol. 0: 347 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of Pakistan @ eFloras.org
editor
S. I. Ali & M. Qaiser
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras

Derivation of specific name

provided by Flora of Zimbabwe
gangeticum: of the Ganges River, India
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cc-by-nc
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Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings
bibliographic citation
Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T. and Ballings, P. (2002-2014). Desmodium gangeticum (L.) DC. Flora of Zimbabwe website. Accessed 28 August 2014 at http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=130800
author
Mark Hyde
author
Bart Wursten
author
Petra Ballings
original
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Flora of Zimbabwe

Description

provided by Flora of Zimbabwe
Mostly erect shrubby perennial herb 20-200 cm tall, rarely prostrate or straggling. Stems angular, pubescent with longer hairs on the angles. Leaves 1-foliolate, very variable, round, oblong, elliptic or ovate-lanceolate, 0.4-17.5 cm long, rounded or pointed at the apex, almost hairless or with fine very short hairs above, with much longer hairs beneath; margin entire. Petiole 0.5-2.3 cm long. Stipules lanceolate, 7-13 mm long. Inflorescences terminal and axillary, sometimes branched 7-40 cm long. Flowers with standard pink, blue, mauve, white or greenish and dark blue. Fruit 8-25 mm long, of 3-7(8) articles, joined by narrow necks and covered with short hooked hairs, sometimes with longer hairs on the margins.
license
cc-by-nc
copyright
Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings
bibliographic citation
Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T. and Ballings, P. (2002-2014). Desmodium gangeticum (L.) DC. Flora of Zimbabwe website. Accessed 28 August 2014 at http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=130800
author
Mark Hyde
author
Bart Wursten
author
Petra Ballings
original
visit source
partner site
Flora of Zimbabwe

Worldwide distribution

provided by Flora of Zimbabwe
Widespread in tropical Africa and Asia. Naturalized in the West-Indies.
license
cc-by-nc
copyright
Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings
bibliographic citation
Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T. and Ballings, P. (2002-2014). Desmodium gangeticum (L.) DC. Flora of Zimbabwe website. Accessed 28 August 2014 at http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=130800
author
Mark Hyde
author
Bart Wursten
author
Petra Ballings
original
visit source
partner site
Flora of Zimbabwe

Physical Description

provided by USDA PLANTS text
Perennial, Herbs, Stems woody below, or from woody crown or caudex, Taproot present, Nodules present, Stems erect or ascending, Stems less than 1 m tall, Stems solid, Stems or young twigs sparsely to densely hairy, Stems with hooked uncinate hairs or prickles, Leaves alternate, Leaves petiolate, Stipules conspicuous, Stipules green, triangulate to lanceolate or foliaceous, Stipules deciduous, Stipules free, Leaves simple, or appearing so, Leaf or leaflet margins entire, Leaflets opposite, Stipels present at base of leaflets, Leaflets 1, Leaves hairy on one or both surfaces, Inflorescences racemes, Inflorescence panicles, Inflorescence axillary, Inflorescence terminal, Bracts very small, absent or caducous, Bracteoles present, Flowers zygomorphic, Calyx 2-lipped or 2-lobed, Calyx hairy, Petals separate, Corolla papilionaceous, Petals clawed, Petals blue, lavander to purple, or violet, Banner petal ovoid or obovate, Wing petals narrow, oblanceolate to oblong, Wing tips obtuse or rounded, Keel tips obtuse or rounded, not beaked, Stamens 9-10, Stamens diadelphous, 9 united, 1 free, Filaments glabrous, Style terete, Fruit a loment, jointed, separating into articles, Fruit unilocular, Fruit indehiscent, Fruit elongate, straight, Fruit exserted from calyx, Fruit compressed between seeds, Fruit hairy, Fruit 2-seeded, Fruit 3-10 seeded, Seeds ovoid to rounded in outline, Seeds reniform, Seed surface smooth, Seeds olive, brown, or black.
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cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
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Dr. David Bogler
source
Missouri Botanical Garden
source
USDA NRCS NPDC
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USDA PLANTS text

Desmodium gangeticum

provided by wikipedia EN

Desmodium gangeticum is commonly known by the name salparni. It can be found throughout most parts of India and Himalayas [1].

Description

Desmodium gangeticums growth habit is a small shrub. It can grow up to 2–4 feet tall [2]. The leaves are simple and alternative. They have an oblong shape and pinnate venation. They tend to grow up to 15 cm in length and 5 cm in width [3]. The flowers have bilateral symmetry and are characterized for purple and white colors, and they have 3 petals. The inflorescence is indeterminate meaning that the growing flowers are on the top while the full flowers are on the lower part. The sexual reproductive system is hermaphroditic.

Ecology

Desmodium gangeticum is found in places with partial shade or in the open, and very rarely in deep shade. It is native to tropical Africa, Asia, and northern Australia. Its biome is typically anthropogenic habitats in the lowlands, under ever wet or seasonal conditions. This plant grows best in dry conditions with clayey loam soils that are alkaline and moderately calcareous. The plant also uses pollinator such as bees and is frequently grazed by cattle which aids with seed dispersal. The plant spreads its seed through the small hairs on the seedpods that readily cling to human skin and clothing as well as other animals’ fur and feathers. This ensures that the seed gets maximum dispersal. Due to this method the plant is considered an invasive weed in some habitats. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. One fungal parasite has been recorded on this species from India (Synchytrium desmodiicola), most seedlings come up in July after the first few showers and flowering and fruiting take place from October to February. [4]

Cultivation and Uses

Medically, the plant has many benefits. A medicine made from the leaves of the plant can be used to prevent and treat stones in the gall bladder, kidneys or bladder. The leaves can also be made into a moist ointment to mend headaches. The plant is deemed to restore proper functioning of the body by increasing health and vitality, supporting the structure of organ tissue, reduce fever and cough, and support digestion. The root of the plant can be used for toothache pain in addition to cleaning wounds and ulcers with a decoction. Effective use of the medicine is from both external and internal use. [1] The entirety of the plant is classified as an anthelmintic which means it can be used to remove parasitic worms and other internal parasites. [2]

References

  1. ^ "Pleurolobus gangeticus". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). |access-date= requires |url= (help)

[1]

[2]

[3]

[4]

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Wikipedia authors and editors
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Desmodium gangeticum: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Desmodium gangeticum is commonly known by the name salparni. It can be found throughout most parts of India and Himalayas [1].

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Wikipedia authors and editors
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wikipedia EN