dcsimg

Lactifluus vellereus

provided by wikipedia EN

Lactifluus vellereus (formerly Lactarius vellereus), commonly known as the fleecy milk-cap, is a quite large fungus in the genus Lactifluus. It is one of the two most common milk-caps found with beech trees, with the other being Lactarius subdulcis.

Taxonomy and systematics

Lactifluus vellereus is one of a handful of north temperate milk caps that belong to the genus Lactifluus which has been separated from Lactarius on phylogenetic grounds.[2] Its closest species is L. bertillonii, with which it forms a rather isolated clade in the genus.[2]

Description

Like other mushrooms in the family Russulaceae, the L. vellereus fruit body has crumbly, rather than fibrous, flesh, and when this is broken the fungus exudes a milky latex. The mature caps are white to cream, funnel-shaped, and up to 25 cm (9.8 in) in diameter. It has firm flesh, and a stipe which is shorter than the fruit body is wide. The gills are fairly distant (quite far apart), decurrent, and narrow, and have brown specks from the drying milk.[3] The spore print is white in colour.[4]

Lactifluus bertillonii is closely related and very similar, but has hotter milk.[4] Another similar, but phylogenetically distant species is Lactarius controversus, distinguishable mainly by its white gills and lack of rosy markings on the upper cap.

Distribution and habitat

 src=
L. vellereus growing in a field.

The mushroom is found in deciduous woods, from late summer to early winter.[4] It is found in Britain and Europe.

Edibility

The milk tastes mild on its own, but hot when tasted with the flesh.[4] It is considered inedible because of its peppery taste.

See also

References

  1. ^ "MycoBank: Lactifluus vellereus". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2014-10-28.
  2. ^ a b Verbeken A, Nuytinck J. (2013). "Not every milkcap is a Lactarius" (PDF). Scripta Botanica Belgica. 51: 162–168.
  3. ^ Laessoe T. (1998). Mushrooms (flexi bound). Dorling Kindersley. ISBN 0-7513-1070-0.
  4. ^ a b c d Roger Phillips (2006). Mushrooms. Pan MacMillan. ISBN 0-330-44237-6.
 title=
license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN

Lactifluus vellereus: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Lactifluus vellereus (formerly Lactarius vellereus), commonly known as the fleecy milk-cap, is a quite large fungus in the genus Lactifluus. It is one of the two most common milk-caps found with beech trees, with the other being Lactarius subdulcis.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN