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Oryzavirus

provided by wikipedia EN

Oryzavirus is a genus of double-stranded RNA viruses in the family Reoviridae and subfamily Spinareovirinae. Member viruses infect plants and are transmitted by planthoppers. Diseases associated with this genus include: rice stunting, enations on veins of leaves and leaf sheaths, ragged leaves, and flower suppression. There are two species in this genus.[1][2]

Structure

Viruses in Oryzavirus are non-enveloped, with icosahedral and Round geometries, and T=13, T=2 symmetry. The diameter is around 70 nm. Genomes are linear and segmented, segments are around 1162 to 3849 base pairs (total size around 26 kb). The genome codes for 12 proteins.[1]

Life cycle

Viral replication is cytoplasmic. Entry into the host cell is achieved by penetration into the host cell. Replication follows the double-stranded RNA virus replication model. Double-stranded RNA virus transcription is the method of transcription. The virus exits the host cell by monopartite non-tubule guided viral movement.[1] The virus is transmitted via a vector (delphacid planthoppers). Transmission routes are vector.[1]

Taxonomy

The genus has two species:[2]

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Virus Taxonomy: 2020 Release". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). March 2021. Retrieved 13 May 2021.

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Oryzavirus: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Oryzavirus is a genus of double-stranded RNA viruses in the family Reoviridae and subfamily Spinareovirinae. Member viruses infect plants and are transmitted by planthoppers. Diseases associated with this genus include: rice stunting, enations on veins of leaves and leaf sheaths, ragged leaves, and flower suppression. There are two species in this genus.

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Wikipedia authors and editors
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