Inocybaceae

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The Inocybaceae are a family of fungi in the order Agaricales. Members of this family have a widespread distribution in tropical and temperate areas.[1]

Taxonomy

The type genus of the Inocybaceae, Inocybe, had traditionally been placed within the family Cortinariaceae.[2][3] Despite this, Jülich placed the genus in its own family, the Inocybaceae.[4] Later, the Cortinariaceae were shown to be polyphyletic.[5][6] Additionally, phylogenetic analyses of RPB1, RPB2 and nLSU-rDNA regions from a variety of Inocybe and related taxa would support Jülich's recognition of Inocybe at the family level.[7] In their Dictionary of the Fungi, Kirk et al. (2008)[8] did not distinguish between Inocybaceae and Crepidotaceae, but rather merged them into one family they called Inocybaceae. The literature has since then split up the classification given by Kirk et al. (2008)[8] into not only Inocybaceae and Crepidotaceae, but also Tubariaceae[9][10][11] and Chromocyphellaceae.[12]

In a 2019 molecular study, Matheny and colleagues used six genes to determine relationships within the family. They recovered Nothocybe as sister to Inocybe, while members of Inocybe section Rimosae formed a lineage that diverged from the ancestor of the preceding two, and hence reclassified it as a genus Pseudosperma. Another branch gives rise to four lineages - the genus Auritella, what was Inocybe subgenus Mallocybe (now Mallocybe), Tubariomyces, and Inosperma (previously Inocybe subgenus Inosperma).[13]

See also

References

  1. ^ Cannon PF, Kirk PM (2007). Fungal Families of the World. Wallingford, UK: CABI. p. 176. ISBN 978-0-85199-827-5.
  2. ^ Singer, Rolf (1986). The Agaricales in Modern Taxonomy. Koenigstein, Germany: Koeltz Scientific Books. ISBN 978-3-87429-254-2.
  3. ^ Bisby, Guy Richard; Ainsworth, G. C.; Kirk, P. M.; Aptroot, André (2001). Ainsworth & Bisby's Dictionary of the Fungi / by P. M. Kirk... [et al.]; with the assistance of A. Aptroot... [et al.] Oxon, UK: CAB International. p. 255. ISBN 978-0-85199-377-5.
  4. ^ Jülich W. (1982). Higher taxa of Basidiomycetes. Bibliotheca Mycologia 85. Cramer, Vaduz. 485 pp.
  5. ^ Moncalvo JM, Lutzoni FM, Rehner SA, Johnson J, Vilgalys R (2000). "Phylogenetic relationships of agaric fungi based on nuclear large subunit ribosomal DNA sequences". Systematic Biology. 49 (2): 278–305. doi:10.1093/sysbio/49.2.278. PMID 12118409.
  6. ^ Moncalvo JM, Vilgalys R, Redhead SA, Johnson JE, James TY, Catherine Aime M, Hofstetter V, Verduin SJ, Larsson E, Baroni TJ, Greg Thorn R, Jacobsson S, Clémençon H, Miller OK (2002). "One hundred and seventeen clades of euagarics". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 23 (3): 357–400. doi:10.1016/S1055-7903(02)00027-1. PMID 12099793.
  7. ^ Matheny PB (2005). "Improving phylogenetic inference of mushrooms with RPB1 and RPB2 nucleotide sequences (Inocybe; Agaricales)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 35 (1): 1–20. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2004.11.014. PMID 15737578.
  8. ^ a b Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford, UK: CAB International. p. 340. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8.
  9. ^ Vizzini A (2008). "Novitates. Tubariaceae fam. nov". Rivista di Micologia. 51: 174.
  10. ^ Matheny PB, Curtis JM, Hofstetter V, Aime MC, Moncalvo JM, Ge ZW, Tang ZL, Slot JC, Ammirati JF, Baroni TJ, Bougher NL, Hughes KW, Lodge DJ, Kerrigan RW, Seidl MT, Aanen DK, DeNitis M, Daniele GM, Desjardin DE, Kropp BR, Norvell LL, Parker A, Vellinga EC, Vilgalys R, Hibbett DS (2006). "Major clades of Agaricales: a multilocus phylogenetic overview". Mycologia. 98 (6): 982–995. doi:10.3852/mycologia.98.6.982. PMID 17486974.
  11. ^ Matheny PB, Moreau PA, Vizzini A, Harrower E, De Haan A, Contu M, Curti M (2015). "Crassisporium and Romagnesiella: two new genera of dark-spored Agaricales" (PDF). Systematics and Biodiversity. 13 (1): 28–41. doi:10.1080/14772000.2014.967823. hdl:2318/152675. S2CID 53694501.
  12. ^ Petersen G, Knudsen H, Seberg O (2010). "Alignment, clade robustness and fungal phylogenetics — Crepidotaceae and sister families revisited". Cladistics. 26: 62–71. doi:10.1111/j.1096-0031.2009.00279.x. S2CID 84495351.
  13. ^ Matheny, P. Brandon; Hobbs, Alicia M.; Esteve-Raventós, Fernando (2020). "Genera of Inocybaceae: New skin for the old ceremony". Mycologia. 112 (1): 83–120. doi:10.1080/00275514.2019.1668906. PMID 31846596. S2CID 209407151.
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Inocybaceae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

The Inocybaceae are a family of fungi in the order Agaricales. Members of this family have a widespread distribution in tropical and temperate areas.

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