Description

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Small tree, to 5 m. Leaves alternate, ovate; base cordate; apex acuminate. Inflorescence a terminal panicle. Sepals 5. Petals 5, pink. Fruit a spiny ovoid capsule.
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Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings
bibliographic citation
Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T. and Ballings, P. (2002-2014). Bixa Flora of Zimbabwe website. Accessed 28 August 2014 at http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/genus.php?genus_id=1586
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Mark Hyde
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Bart Wursten
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Petra Ballings
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Flora of Zimbabwe

Bixa

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Bixa is a genus of plants in the family Bixaceae. It is native to Mexico, Central America, Caribbean, and South America, and naturalized in other places.[1][2][3][4]

Species

The genus includes the following species:[1]

  1. Bixa arborea Huber - Brazil, Ecuador, Peru
  2. Bixa excelsa Gleason & Krukoff - Peru, northwestern Brazil
  3. Bixa orellana L. - widespread from Mexico to Argentina; naturalized in West Indies, parts of Africa, India, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, Christmas Island, Hawaii, Society Islands
  4. Bixa platycarpa Ruiz & Pav. ex G.Don - Ecuador, Peru, northwestern Brazil
  5. Bixa urucurana Willd. - Honduras, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas, Ecuador, Peru, northwestern Brazil

References

  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Forzza, R. C. 2010. Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-06. Retrieved 2015-08-20.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link). Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro
  3. ^ Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., R. D. C. Ortiz, R. Callejas Posada & M. Merello. (eds.) 2011. Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 9–939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín
  4. ^ Molina Rosito, A. 1975. Enumeración de las plantas de Honduras. Ceiba 19(1): 1–118.
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Bixa: Brief Summary

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Bixa is a genus of plants in the family Bixaceae. It is native to Mexico, Central America, Caribbean, and South America, and naturalized in other places.

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