Oxycera pygmaea, the pygmy soldier, is a European species of soldier fly. 
The body length is 3.0 to 4.0 mm (0.12 to 0.16 in). Mesonotum punctate, with decumbent grey hairs. Both male and female black with yellow humeri, yellow notopleural margin, and small yellow spots on postalar calli. 
The habitat is wetland, calcareous seepages. The flight period is from June to July.
Northern Europe Central Europe up to southern Sweden Central
^ Stubbs, A. & Drake, M. (2001). British Soldierflies and Their Allies: A Field Guide to the Larger British Brachycera. British Entomological & Natural History Society. pp. 512 pp. ISBN 1-899935-04-5.
^ Seguy. E. Faune de France Faune n° 13 1926. Diptères Brachycères.308 p., 685 fig.
^ George Henry VerrallStratiomyidae and succeeding families of the Diptera Brachycera of Great Britain- British flies (1909)BHL Full text with illustrations
^ E. P. Narchuk in Bei-Bienko, G. Ya, 1988 Keys to the insects of the European Part of the USSR Volume 5 (Diptera) Part 2 English edition. Keys to Palaearctic species but now needs revision.
^ William Lundbeck Diptera Danica. Genera and species of flies Hitherto found in Denmark. Copenhagen & London, 1902-1927. 7 vols This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.