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Parasteatoda

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Parasteatoda is a genus of comb-footed spiders that was first described by Allan Frost Archer in 1946.[2] The name is a combination of the Ancient Greek "para-" (παρά), meaning "near" or "next to", and the theridiid genus Steatoda. The Japanese name for this genus is O-himogumo zoku ("thread silk spider family").[3]

Species

It is mostly an Old World genus, with many species found in Asia and New Guinea, though the distribution reaches into Europe. A few species originate from the New World, but many have been introduced, and they are becoming more widespread in the Americas and Europe.[3]

As of May 2020 it contains forty-two species and two subspecies:[1]

Formerly included:

  • P. brookesiana (Barrion & Litsinger, 1995) (Transferred to Nihonhimea)
  • P. campanulata (Chen, 1993) (Transferred to Campanicola)
  • P. ferrumequina (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) (Transferred to Campanicola)
  • P. japonica (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) (Transferred to Nihonhimea)
  • P. mundula (L. Koch, 1872) (Transferred to Nihonhimea)
  • P. mundula (Chrysanthus, 1963) (Transferred to Nihonhimea)
  • P. oculiprominens Saito, 1939 (Transferred to Keijiella)
  • P. tesselata (Keyserling, 1884) (Transferred to Nihonhimea)

In synonymy:

  • P. boqueronica (Kraus, 1955) = Parasteatoda nigrovittata (Keyserling, 1884)
  • P. krausi (Chrysanthus, 1963) = Parasteatoda camura (Simon, 1877)
  • P. lunata (Olivier, 1789) = Parasteatoda lunata (Clerck, 1757)
  • P. mesax Levi, 1959 = Parasteatoda nigrovittata (Keyserling, 1884)
  • P. nipponica (Yoshida, 1983) = Parasteatoda tabulata (Levi, 1980)
  • P. obnubila (Keyserling, 1891) = Parasteatoda nigrovittata (Keyserling, 1884)
  • P. pallida (Walckenaer, 1841) = Parasteatoda tepidariorum (C. L. Koch, 1841)

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Gloor, Daniel; Nentwig, Wolfgang; Blick, Theo; Kropf, Christian (2020). "Gen. Parasteatoda Archer, 1946". World Spider Catalog Version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern. doi:10.24436/2. Retrieved 2020-06-30.
  2. ^ Archer, A. F. (1946). "The Theridiidae or comb-footed spiders of Alabama". Museum Paper, Alabama Museum of Natural History. 22: 1–67.
  3. ^ a b Yoshida, H. (2008). "A revision of the genus Achaearanea (Araneae: Theridiidae)". Acta Arachnologica. 57: 37–40. doi:10.2476/asjaa.57.37.
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Parasteatoda: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Parasteatoda is a genus of comb-footed spiders that was first described by Allan Frost Archer in 1946. The name is a combination of the Ancient Greek "para-" (παρά), meaning "near" or "next to", and the theridiid genus Steatoda. The Japanese name for this genus is O-himogumo zoku ("thread silk spider family").

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
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wikipedia EN