Clostridium chauvoei

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Clostridium chauvoei is an anaerobic, motile, Gram-positive bacterium. It is a soil-borne pathogen that can cause blackleg in cattle and sheep. It is named after Auguste Chauveau, a French bacteriologist and veterinarian.[1]

It is mainly considered to be an veterinary pathogen, but at least two severe cases of human infection have been reported.[2][3] Indigenous knowledge from Fula people in Cameroon and Maasai people in Tanzania suggest that zoonotic infection with C. chauvoei may be common among pastoralists.[4] However, these reports may also be due to infection with other Clostridium strains that can cause blackleg, such as C. septicum.[3]

A study conducted in Taiwan found a correlation between flooding and how often C. chauvoei was found in soil samples. This is attributed to flood waters dispersing the bacteria throughout the environment.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ lpsn.dsmz.de, list of prokaryotic names with standing nomenclature.
  2. ^ Nagano N, Isomine S, Kato H, Sasaki Y, Takahashi M, Sakaida K, et al. (April 2008). "Human fulminant gas gangrene caused by Clostridium chauvoei". Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 46 (4): 1545–7. doi:10.1128/JCM.01895-07. PMC 2292918. PMID 18256217.
  3. ^ a b Weatherhead JE, Tweardy DJ (February 2012). "Lethal human neutropenic entercolitis caused by Clostridium chauvoei in the United States: tip of the iceberg?". The Journal of Infection. 64 (2): 225–7. doi:10.1016/j.jinf.2011.09.004. PMID 21945880.
  4. ^ Gaddy HG (August 2020). "Using local knowledge in emerging infectious disease research". Social Science & Medicine. 258: 113107. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2020.113107. PMC 7292947. PMID 32563166.
  5. ^ Huang SW, Chan JP, Shia WY, Shyu CL, Tung KC, Wang CY (May 2013). "The utilization of a commercial soil nucleic acid extraction kit and PCR for the detection of Clostridium tetanus and Clostridium chauvoei on farms after flooding in Taiwan". The Journal of Veterinary Medical Science. 75 (4): 489–95. doi:10.1292/jvms.12-0271. PMID 23208321.

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Clostridium chauvoei: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Clostridium chauvoei is an anaerobic, motile, Gram-positive bacterium. It is a soil-borne pathogen that can cause blackleg in cattle and sheep. It is named after Auguste Chauveau, a French bacteriologist and veterinarian.

It is mainly considered to be an veterinary pathogen, but at least two severe cases of human infection have been reported. Indigenous knowledge from Fula people in Cameroon and Maasai people in Tanzania suggest that zoonotic infection with C. chauvoei may be common among pastoralists. However, these reports may also be due to infection with other Clostridium strains that can cause blackleg, such as C. septicum.

A study conducted in Taiwan found a correlation between flooding and how often C. chauvoei was found in soil samples. This is attributed to flood waters dispersing the bacteria throughout the environment.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN