Achatinidae

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Achatinidae (New Latin, from Greek "agate") is a family of medium to large sized tropical land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks from Africa.

Well known species include Achatina achatina the Giant African Snail, and Lissachatina fulica the Giant East African Snail.

As of 2011 there were recognized 176 extant species and subspecies in 16 genera within Achatinidae.[2]

Distribution

The native distribution of Achatinidae is Africa south of the Sahara.[3]

Anatomy

In this family, the number of haploid chromosomes lies between 26 and 30 (according to the values in this table).[4]

Taxonomy

The family Achatinidae is classified within the informal group Sigmurethra, itself belonging to the clade Stylommatophora within the clade Eupulmonata (according to taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005).[5]

As of 2017, the family Achatinidae contains the following subfamilies:[6]

  • Achatininae Swainson, 1840 - synonyms: Urceidae Chaper, 1884; Ampullidae Winckworth, 1945
  • Coeliaxinae Pilsbry, 1907
  • Cryptelasminae Germain, 1916
  • Glessulinae Godwin-Austin, 1920
  • Opeatinae Thiele, 1931
  • Petriolinae Schileyko, 1999
  • Pyrgininae Germain, 1916
  • Rishetiinae Schileyko, 1999
  • Rumininae Wenz, 1923
  • Stenogyrinae P. Fischer & Crosse, 1877
  • Subulininae P. Fischer & Crosse, 1877
  • Thyrophorellinae Girard, 1895

Genera

Genera in the family Achatinidae include:[6]

Achatininae

Coeliaxinae

Cryptelasminae

Glessulinae

Opeatinae

Petriolinae

Pyrgininae

Rishetiinae

Rumininae

Stenogyrinae

Subulininae

Thyrophorellinae

References

  1. ^ Swainson W. J. (1840). A treatise on malacology161: 334.
  2. ^ a b Protiva T. (2011). Oblovky plži čeledi Achatinidae. Robimaus, 72 pp., ISBN 9788087293225.
  3. ^ "Family summary for Achatinidae". AnimalBase, last change 24-11-2007, accessed 3 August 2010
  4. ^ Barker G. M.: Gastropods on Land: Phylogeny, Diversity and Adaptive Morphology. in Barker G. M. (ed.): The biology of terrestrial molluscs. CABI Publishing, Oxon, UK, 2001, ISBN 0-85199-318-4. 1-146, cited pages: 139 and 142.
  5. ^ a b Bouchet, Philippe; Rocroi, Jean-Pierre; Frýda, Jiri; Hausdorf, Bernard; Ponder, Winston; Valdés, Ángel & Warén, Anders (2005). "Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families". Malacologia. Hackenheim, Germany: ConchBooks. 47 (1–2): 1–397. ISBN 3-925919-72-4. ISSN 0076-2997.
  6. ^ a b Bank, R. (2017). Classification of the Recent terrestrial Gastropoda of the World. Last update: July 16th, 2017.. World Register of Marine Species, Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  7. ^ Achatininae in www.petsnails.co.uk
  8. ^ Mead A. R. (2004). "Comparative reproductive anatomy in the South African giant land snails (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Achatinidae)". Zoologische Mededelingen Leiden 78: 417-449.

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Achatinidae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Achatinidae (New Latin, from Greek "agate") is a family of medium to large sized tropical land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks from Africa.

Well known species include Achatina achatina the Giant African Snail, and Lissachatina fulica the Giant East African Snail.

As of 2011 there were recognized 176 extant species and subspecies in 16 genera within Achatinidae.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
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wikipedia EN