dcsimg

Geoglossaceae

provided by wikipedia EN

Geoglossaceae is a family of fungi in the order Geoglossales, class Geoglossomycetes. These fungi are broadly known as earth tongues. The ascocarps of most species in the family Geoglossaceae are terrestrial and are generally small, dark in color, and club-shaped with a height of 2–8 cm. The ascospores are typically light-brown to dark-brown and are often multiseptate. Other species of fungi have been known to parasitize ascocarps.[1][2] The use of a compound microscope is needed for accurate identification.[3]

Systematics

                   

Geoglossum difforme

   

Geoglossum simile

     

Geoglossum sphagnophilum

     

Geoglossum cookeanum, G. glabrum

     

Geoglossum umbratile

       

Geoglossum nigritum

   

Geoglossum barlae

         

Trichoglossum (T. hirsutum, T. octopartitum

     

Glutinoglossum glutinosum

   

Glutinoglossum heptaseptatum

         

Sabuloglossum arenarium

       

Sarcoleotia globosa

   

Nothomitra cinnamomea

        Cladogram showing phylogeny of Geoglossomycetes based on a four-gene dataset.[4]

The fungi that are now included in the fungal class Geoglossomycetes were previously considered by mycologists to be a family (Geoglossaceae) within the class Leotiomycetes. The family Geoglossaceae sensu lato was previously defined with 6 genera and 48 species.[5] Early molecular evidence using ribosomal DNA[6][7][8] suggested that Geoglossaceae sensu lato was not a monophyletic group, and that the hyaline spored genera (e.g. Leotia, Microglossum, and Spathularia) were not allied within the same clade as the darker-spored genera (Geoglossum and Trichoglossum). Schoch et al.,[9] using a six-gene phylogeny including ribosomal DNA and protein-coding genes, found support for the establishment of a new class (Geoglossomycetes), containing the genera Geoglossum, Sarcoleotia, and Trichoglossum. Further molecular research resulted in the addition of Nothomitra (previously treated as a relative or synonym of Microglossum) to the group in 2011.[10] Glutinoglossum was circumscribed in 2013 to contain the species formerly known as Geoglossum glutinosum, and a new European species, G. heptaseptatum.[4]

Several species in the genus Neolecta have similar morphology and are also known by the common name of "earth tongues", but they are members of the quite distantly related Taphrinomycotina, an entirely different subdivision of the Ascomycota.

Habitat

Earth tongues are commonly found in soil or among rotting vegetation.[11] In North America, they are commonly found in coniferous woodland, broad-leaved woodland and mixed woodland habitats,[12] whereas in Europe they are commonly found in grassland habitats[11][13] and are major components of the endangered waxcap grassland habitat.

References

  1. ^ Seeler EV. (1943). "Several Fungicolous Fungi". Farlowia: 119–133.
  2. ^ Rossman AY, Samuels GJ, Rogerson CT, Lowen R (1999). "Genera of Bionectriaceae, Hypocreaceae, and Nectriaceae (Hypocreales, Ascomycetes)". Studies in Mycology. 42: 186.
  3. ^ "Family: Geoglossaceae." The Hidden Forest. 26 Aug. 2009 http://www.hiddenforest.co.nz/fungi/family/geoglossaceae/geoglossaceae.htm>.
  4. ^ a b Hustad VP, Miller AN, Dentinger BTM, Cannon PF (2013). "Generic circumscriptions in Geoglossomycetes". Persoonia. 31: 101–11. doi:10.3767/003158513x671235. PMC 3904045. PMID 24761038. open access
  5. ^ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford, UK: CAB International. p. 279. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8.
  6. ^ Pfister D, Kimbrough JW (2000). "Discomycetes". In Mclaughlin DJ, McLaughlin EG, Lemke PA (eds.). The Mycota VII Part A. Systematics and Evolution. Berlin: Springer. pp. 257–81.
  7. ^ Wang Z, Binder M, Schoch CL, Johnston PR, Spatafora JW, Hibbett DS (2006). "Evolution of helotialean fungi (Leotiomycetes, Pezizomycotina): A nucleear rDNA phylogeny". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 41 (2): 295–312. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.05.031. PMID 16837216.
  8. ^ Wang Z, Johnston PR, Takamatsu S, Spatafora JW, Hibbett DS (2006). "Toward a phylogenetic classification of the Leotiomycetes based on rDNA data". Mycologia. 98 (6): 1065–75. doi:10.3852/mycologia.98.6.1065. PMID 17486981.
  9. ^ Schoch CL, Wang Z, Townsend JP, Spatafora JW (2009). "Geoglossomycetes cl. nov., Geoglossales ord. nov. and taxa above class rank in the Ascomycota Tree of Life" (PDF). Persoonia. 22: 129–36. doi:10.3767/003158509x461486. PMC 2776753. PMID 19915689.
  10. ^ Hustad VP, Miller AN, Moingeon J-M, Priou J-P (2011). "Inclusion of Nothomitra in Geoglossomycetes" (PDF). Mycosphere. 2 (6): 646–54. doi:10.5943/mycosphere/2/6/5.
  11. ^ a b L. Watson & M. J. Dallwitz (2009-06-20). "The Families of Mushrooms and Toadstools Represented in the British Isles". Archived from the original on 2010-11-27.
  12. ^ Mains EB. (1954). "North American species of Geoglossum and Trichoglossum". Mycologia. 46 (5): 586–631. doi:10.1080/00275514.1954.12024398.
  13. ^ Nannfeldt JA. (1942). "The Geoglossaceae of Sweden". Arkiv för Botanik. 30A: 1–67.
  • Cannon PF, Kirk PM (2007). Fungal families of the world. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. ISBN 978-0-85199-827-5.
 title=
license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN

Geoglossaceae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Geoglossaceae is a family of fungi in the order Geoglossales, class Geoglossomycetes. These fungi are broadly known as earth tongues. The ascocarps of most species in the family Geoglossaceae are terrestrial and are generally small, dark in color, and club-shaped with a height of 2–8 cm. The ascospores are typically light-brown to dark-brown and are often multiseptate. Other species of fungi have been known to parasitize ascocarps. The use of a compound microscope is needed for accurate identification.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN

Geoglossaceae

provided by wikipedia FR

Les Geoglossaceae sont une famille de champignons ascomycètes, uniques représentants de l'ordre des Geoglossales et de la classe des Geoglossomycetes.

Liste des genres

Selon BioLib (19 mai 2020)[1] :

Notes et références

license
fr
copyright
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia FR

Geoglossaceae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia FR

Les Geoglossaceae sont une famille de champignons ascomycètes, uniques représentants de l'ordre des Geoglossales et de la classe des Geoglossomycetes.

license
fr
copyright
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia FR

콩나물고무버섯과

provided by wikipedia 한국어 위키백과

콩나물고무버섯과(Geoglossaceae)는 자낭균류 과의 하나이다. 콩나물고무버섯강(Geoglossomycetes)의 유일한 과이다. 이전에는 6속 48종으로 정의했다.[1].

분자생물학적 분석을 통해, 밝거나 색이 있는 포자를 지닌 속은 두건버섯강으로 분류한다. 나머지의 포자가 어두운 색을 띠는 속은 이 과에 속하며, 현재 콩나물고무버섯강과 콩나물고무버섯목으로 분류하고 있다.[2] 흙 속 또는 시든 식물 속에서 산다.[3]

각주

  1. Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA. (2008). 《Dictionary of the Fungi.》 10판. Wallingford: CABI. 279쪽. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8.
  2. Schoch CL, Wang Z, Townsend JP, Spatafora JW, 2009. Geoglossomycetes cl. nov., Geoglossales ord. nov. and taxa above class rank in the Ascomycota Tree of Life. Persoonia 22, 129-138.[1]
  3. L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz (2009년 6월 20일). “The Families of Mushrooms and Toadstools Represented in the British Isles”.
  • Cannon PF, Kirk, PM. (2007). 《Fungal families of the world》. Wallingford: CABI. ISBN 0-85199-827-5.
 title=
license
ko
copyright
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/